By Dale Jacquette
Publication by means of Jacquette, Dale
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Extra info for Meinongian logic : the semantics of existence and nonexistence
Rapaport, "Meinongian Theories and a Russellian Paradox", p. 161. II. Formal Semantic Paradox in Meinong's Object Theory 27 the philosophical problem remains. Surely Zalta needs to say that an abstract object really is1 abstract, and that a nonexistent object really is1 nonexistent. I f it is not true that the golden mountain is1 nonexistent, then why should logic treat it any differently than ordinary existent mountains? T o make a special case for properties like 'abstract' and 'nonexistent' is tacitly to rely on a distinction between constitutive and nonconstitutive or nuclear and extranuclear properties, which categories o f properties Zalta indeed refers to respectively as 'nontheoretical' and 'theoretical'.
It is just that the paradox reconstructed in this way is explicitly unsound and therefore trivial or formally and philosophically uninteresting. Another version of the paradox can be given, based in 2 Rapaport, "Meinongian Analyses of Some (Psycho-)Logical Paradoxes" [undated], pp. 8—9. See the published version of this essay which contains a different reconstruction of Mally's paradox, in Rapaport, "Meinong, Defective Objects, and (Psycho-)Logical Paradox" , pp. 1 7 - 3 9 . III. 3 Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi translates Mally's and Meinong's verb 'treffen' as 'about'.
This contradicts (vi). Rapaport adds: "But this paradox makes no sense, for (iii) and (iv) together imply that D* Φ D\ so how does (vi) follow? It would, if IJ — D\ but by hypothesis D' Φ Ζλ"2 The reconstruction may do justice to Meinong's exposition of the paradox, but Rapaport's criticism of the paradox is inaccurate. The paradox does make sense, even where D} Φ D. It is just that the paradox reconstructed in this way is explicitly unsound and therefore trivial or formally and philosophically uninteresting.