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By M. Hiraga

Metaphor and Iconicity makes an attempt to explain the interaction of metaphor and iconicity within the construction and interpretation of spoken and written texts from a cognitive viewpoint. there are lots of levels within which metaphor and iconicity appear themselves, starting from sound symbolism and parallelism in poetic discourse to notice order, inflectional varieties, and different grammatical constructions in traditional discourse.

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Hence, a metaphor is assumed to be an ornament of language which conveys no new information. Criticising this rhetorical treatment of metaphors, the semantic view takes metaphors to be a transference of meaning. This view can be further divided into the word-centred approach and the 24 Metaphor and Iconicity sentence-centred one. The former approach is taken, for example, by the semic analysis of Group m (1970). Such word-centred treatment of metaphors contributes to the clarification of the semantic structure of metaphors.

Sample analyses of visual poetry will be offered. More subtle manifestations are also analysed with special reference to the orthographical revisions of poems. In Chapter 5, how poetic form embodies meaning by way of auditory manifestation is explored through sample analyses of phonosymbolism and the diagrammatic structuring of sounds in poetry. Part III (Chapters 6–8) summarises the main findings and discusses their implications for general linguistic issues. In Chapter 6, the interplay of metaphor and iconicity analysed in the poetic texts is reevaluated in the light of general linguistic theory.

In effect, I will argue against the dominant view of language that sees the linguistic sign as being primarily non-iconic or arbitrary. If one is interested in why language is structured in the way it is and why it functions in the way it does, metaphor and iconicity are important issues to be explored in detail and in depth. Iconicity is therefore presented here as a manifestation of the motivated nature of the linguistic sign. 1 Contribution to the study of linguistic iconicity The case against the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign The problem of iconicity has been a recurring theme in the inquiry into the nature of the linguistic sign.

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