Download Methodological Cognitivism: Vol. 2: Cognition, Science, and by Riccardo Viale PDF

By Riccardo Viale

This publication covers a vast spectrum of themes, from experimental philosophy and cognitive concept of technology, to social epistemology and learn and innovation coverage. Following up at the formerly released quantity 1, “Mind, Rationality, and Society,” it presents additional purposes of methodological cognitivism in components akin to clinical discovery, know-how move and innovation coverage. It additionally analyzes the impression of cognitive technology on philosophical difficulties like causality and fact. The publication is split into 4 components: half I “Experimental Philosophy and Causality” tackles the matter of causality, that's frequently noticeable as straddling metaphysics, ontology and epistemology. half II “Cognitive Rationality of technology” bargains with the cognitive beginning of medical rationality, ranging from a powerful critique of the neopositivist rationality of technological know-how at the one hand and of the relativist and social aid of the method of technology at the different. half III “Research coverage and Social Epistemology” offers with subject matters of social epistemology, technology coverage and tradition of innovation. finally, half IV “Knowledge move and Innovation” addresses the dynamics of data iteration, move and use in technological innovation.

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Extra info for Methodological Cognitivism: Vol. 2: Cognition, Science, and Innovation

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In autistic and dyslexic people, their linguistic handicap seems to be associated to a dysfunction of the left lobe of the brain. Simultaneously, their greater propensity for artistic activities seems to depend on heightened activation of the right lobe, linked to a decrease in the inhibitive activity of the dysfunctional left lobe over the right lobe. Kapur (1996) used the term paradoxical functional facilitation to describe the unexpected improvement in creative capacities following a lesion in the left hemisphere.

This model may trigger a series of problems: discovering the moulds that may produce the observed effect; identifying the bacteria that are sensitive to it; examining how the intensity of the effect depends on the pair (m, b). Once the extension of the objects making up the phenomenon is formulated, the properties of the objects themselves can be classified. These new problems require previously acquired knowledge of the properties to be investigated and the methods to identify them. Then it becomes possible, after Penicillium mould is identified, to try to study its cellular structure, its DNA, its sensitivity to certain chemical agents, etc.

16 1 Introduction In this cognitive representation activity, the action of social and methodological factors is limited by particular cognitive constraints. When constructing the representation of a problem, the preference will go to representations that have a greater emotional content, concreteness, simplicity and ability to evoke other images. This explains the fact, described by science historians, that scientists use a limited number of the same representations adopted in different problem contexts.

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