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By Z. Hamawand

Morpho-Lexical Alternation in Noun Formation proposes a singular research of the constitution of complicated nouns in English, putting the focal point on noun pairs that proportion unmarried roots yet result in varied suffixes. to accomplish this project, the publication combines points of language: derivation and utilization.

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Example text

Saying that geese is goose followed by a null morpheme, a morpheme that has no phonological structure. This approach was pursued in American Structuralism. Works that fall into this IA camp include, among others, Lieber (1992), Selkirk (1982), and Williams (1981). For a thorough treatment of this approach, see Hockett (1954) and Spencer (1991), among others. In Word-and-Paradigm (WP) approach, which is alternatively called Wordbased morphology, the form of a word is analysed as a whole, as the basic element of morphological description.

Prototypically, the suffix -ion combines with a root to mean action. The action can vary in terms of transitivity. In the prototypical sense, the suffix is attached to transitive roots to form nouns, as in inspection. One step removed from the prototype is the case where the suffix is attached to (in)transitive roots, as in reduction. A further step removed from the prototype is the case where the suffix is attached to intransitive roots, as in eruption. Peripherally, the suffix -ion combines with a root to mean result.

A. In some formations, the verbal root is transitive. For example, enrichment is the act of improving the quality of something by adding something else, inducement is the act of persuading someone or something, and management is the act of controlling an organisation. Similar coinages are allotment, appeasement, banishment, bombardment, concealment, enforcement, enhancement, imprisonment, etc. b. In other formations, the verbal root is both transitive and intransitive. For example, adjournment is the act of having a pause or rest during a formal meeting, disappointment is the act of failing to satisfy someone or their desires, commencement is the act of beginning something, and rearmament is the act of supplying people with new weapons to strengthen military capability.

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