Download MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2*s by Graeme M. Bydder, Gary D. Fullerton, Ian R. Young PDF

By Graeme M. Bydder, Gary D. Fullerton, Ian R. Young

The content material of this quantity has been extra to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) - the final word on-line source for NMR and MRI.

Up to now MRI couldn't be used clinically for imaging tremendous constructions of bones or muscular tissues. because the past due Nineteen Nineties despite the fact that, the scene has replaced dramatically. particularly, Graeme Bydder and his many collaborators have proven the chance – and value – of imaging buildings within the physique that have been formerly considered as being “MR Invisible”. the photographs bought with quite a few those newly built tools convey advanced distinction, leading to a brand new caliber of pictures for quite a lot of new applications.

This guide is designed to allow the radiology group to start their overview of ways top to use those new features. it's organised in 4 significant sections – the 1st of which, after an advent, offers with the fundamental technological know-how underlying the remainder of the contents of the guide. the second one, greater, part describes the innovations that are utilized in improving the fast T2 and T2* info from which the photographs are reconstructed. The 3rd and fourth sections current more than a few functions of the equipment defined previous. The 3rd part offers with pre-clinical makes use of and stories, whereas the ultimate part describes quite a number scientific functions. it truly is this final part that would definitely have the largest impression at the improvement within the following couple of years because the large promise of Short T2 and T2* Imaging could be exploited to the good thing about patients.

In many cases, the authors of an editorial are the single study crew who've released at the subject they describe. This demonstrates that this instruction manual offers quite a number tools and purposes with an enormous capability for destiny developments.

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Sample text

As the correlation time increases, the relaxation rates 1/T1 and 1/T2 deviate and T2 may become very short. An analogy from the world of signal analysis is useful for providing insight into how motional narrowing occurs and how the spectral density of the local magnetic field changes as spins move more rapidly. The behavior of a nuclear spin system is similar to that of the signals transmitted using frequency and phase modulation schemes—as used, for example, for FM radio transmissions. 2) where Bo is the background steady field and our rotating magnet produces a field that oscillates with amplitude Be and frequency ωr .

Duck, ‘Physical Properties of Tissue’, Academic Press: London, 1990, pp. 279–317, Chapter 8. 4. A. Abragam, ‘Principles of Nuclear Magnetism’, Clarendon Press: Oxford, various editions, Chapters IV, VIII in particular. 5. I. R. Young, I. J. Cox, D. J. Bryant, and G. M. Bydder, Magn. Reson. Imaging, 1988, 6, 585–590. 6. I. R. Young, G. M. Bydder, S. Khenia, and A. G. Collins, J. Comput. Assist. , 1989, 13, 490–494. 7. D. J. Tyler, M. D. Robson, R. M. Henkelman, I. R. Young, and G. M. Bydder, J. Magn.

M. Bydder, Magn. Reson. Imaging, 1988, 6, 585–590. 6. I. R. Young, G. M. Bydder, S. Khenia, and A. G. Collins, J. Comput. Assist. , 1989, 13, 490–494. 7. D. J. Tyler, M. D. Robson, R. M. Henkelman, I. R. Young, and G. M. Bydder, J. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 2007, 25, 279–289. 8. J. M. S. Hutchison, W. A. Edelstein, and E. Johnson, J. Phys. E: Sci. , 1980, 13, 947–955. 9. P. Mansfield, J. Phys. , 1977, 10, L55–L58. 10. D. K. Sodickson and W. J. Manning, Magn. Reson. , 1997, 38, 591–603. 11. K. P. Pruessmann, M.

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