By Catherine Amoroso Leslie
Needlework serves useful reasons, corresponding to supplying heat, yet has additionally communicated person and social id, non secular ideals, and aesthetic beliefs all through time and geography. Needlework traditions are frequently linked to rituals and celebrations of lifestyles occasions. Often-overlooked through historians, working towards needlework and developing needlework items presents insights to the heritage of daily life. Needlework ideas traveled with retailers and explorers, making a legacy of cross-cultural trade. a few ideas are nearly common and others are restricted to a small geographical zone. Settlers introduced traditions which have been occasionally re-invented as indigenous arts. This quantity of roughly seventy five entries is a finished source on innovations and cultural traditions for college kids, details pros, and collectors.
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Additional info for Needlework through History: An Encyclopedia (Handicrafts through World History)
Around 1895, a woman from Dalton, Georgia, attempted to copy a candlewicking bedspread by using the “turﬁng” stitch. Turﬁng used a needle and thick cotton yarn to make the running stitch on cotton sheeting. Once ﬁnished, stitches on the surface were cut and the piece washed in hot water. Washing promoted shrinking and intensiﬁed the tufted look of the 12-ply cotton thread. ” Patterns were geometric and often based on quilt designs. Thousands of bedspreads were shipped from this tiny southern town to individuals and department stores between 1910 and the 1940s.
Beading of this type is often seen on lingerie and children’s clothing. Cultural traditions using beadwork can be found throughout the world. In Africa, Indonesia, and Polynesia densely sewn, bead-encrusted textiles are common. Young South African Zulu women weave beaded “love letters” to give to young men as part of the courtship ritual. The arrangement and coloring of the beads convey an allegorical message. In Nigeria, bead netting embellishes the elaborate headdresses of the Yoruba tribe. Taman women in Indonesia wear beadwork skirts and shell-work jackets.
Its growth was enhanced when Charles V (1500–1558), Holy Roman Emperor, decreed that lacemaking be taught in the schools and convents of the Belgian provinces. Lace schools for village girls were founded by noblewomen. Children of both genders were enrolled at about age ﬁve or so, with boys usually leaving as they grew strong enough for harder labor. Lacemakers of all ages worked from dawn until dusk, often in crowded, unventilated rooms. Since linen thread becomes brittle when dry, spinning and working ﬁne thread required dampness.