Download New Frontiers in Social Neuroscience by R. I. M. Dunbar (auth.), Jean Decety, Yves Christen (eds.) PDF

By R. I. M. Dunbar (auth.), Jean Decety, Yves Christen (eds.)

Traditionally, neuroscience has thought of the anxious procedure as an remoted entity and mostly missed impacts of the social environments during which people and plenty of animal species dwell. even though, there's mounting proof that the social surroundings impacts habit throughout species, from microbes to humans.

This quantity brings jointly students who paintings with animal and human types of social habit to debate the demanding situations and possibilities during this interdisciplinary educational field.

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J Neurophysiol 68:1654–1666 Roessingh P, Simpson SJ (1994) The time-course of behavioural phase change in nymphs of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Physiol Entomol 19:191–197 Roessingh P, Simpson SJ, James S (1993) Analysis of phase-related changes in behavior of desert locust nymphs. Proc R Soc B 252:43–49 Roessingh P, Bouaichi A, Simpson SJ (1998) Effects of sensory stimuli on the behavioural phase state of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. J Insect Physiol 44:883–893 Rogers SM, Matheson T, Despland E, Dodgson T, Burrows M, Simpson SJ (2003) Mechanosensory-induced behavioural gregarization in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria.

Genes for heat shock proteins and proteins which confer protection from infection were up-regulated in gregarious locusts, which may allow them to respond to acute physiological challenges. By contrast, the longer-lived solitarious locusts appeared to be more strongly protected from the slowly accumulating effects of ageing by an up-regulation of genes related to anti-oxidant systems, detoxification and anabolic renewal. Gregarious locusts also had a greater abundance of transcripts for proteins involved in sensory processing and in nervous system development and plasticity.

A) Differences in the amount of 11 neurochemicals in the CNS of adult long-term solitarious (blue) and gregarious (red) locusts. Amounts are expressed as multiples of the mean gregarious quantity, with error bars representing the SEM. 001. (b) The trajectory of change in the amount of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT) in different parts of the CNS during the entire phase-change process, starting with the isolation of long-term gregarious on the left for increasing periods before the commencement of crowding of third-generation isolated locusts.

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