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By A. Ventura, Giovanni C. Bonsignori, Mauro Bruno, Alberto Ventura, Dario Vretenar

The convention "Bologna 2000: constitution of the Nucleus on the sunrise of the Century" used to be dedicated to a self-discipline which has obvious a robust revival of analysis actions within the final decade. New experimental effects and theoretical advancements in nuclear physics will surely make very important contributions to our wisdom and realizing of nature's basic construction blocks. The curiosity aroused by way of the convention one of the medical neighborhood was once essentially mirrored within the huge variety of individuals. those represented an important nuclear physics laboratories on the earth. The convention lined 5 significant themes of recent nuclear physics: nuclear constitution, nucleus-nucleus collisions, hadron dynamics, nuclear astrophysics, and transdisciplinary and peaceable purposes of nuclear technology. It reviewed contemporary growth within the box and supplied a discussion board for the dialogue of present and destiny examine initiatives.

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Gatti and E. Brambilla, J. Opt. B: Quant. Semiclass. Opt. 4, S176 (2002), and references therein. 44 A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, O. Jedrkiewicz, and L. A. Lugiato 14. D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600 (1995). 15. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005). 16. R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002). 17. W. A. T. Nogueira, S. P. Walborn, S.

34) In the experiment these averages are evaluated as spatial averages performed over the set of equivalent symmetrical pixel-pairs contained in the chosen sample regions, on which the mean photon number distribution is nearly uniform (see Fig. 8a,c). Each single shot of the laser provides a different ensemble, characterized by its pixel-pair average pe number ns + ni , in turn related to the parametric gain. In the experiment, ensembles corresponding to different gains are obtained by varying the pump-pulse energy.

32) , where, as we said, we ignore the frequency variable Ω. 33) 2 Spatial Entanglement in Optical Parametric Down-Conversion 25 where |n, x is the Fock state with n photons at point x. In this limit, there is ideally a perfect correlation in the number of signal–idler photons at the same near-field position (position entanglement). 3 Near- and Far-Field Correlations: Numerical Results in the General Case We now present the results obtained from the numerical model that includes the effects of the finite pump.

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