By Robert Home
An exam of the heritage of city making plans within the British Empire, from 1600. appears on the move of British making plans laws to the colonies and the effect of this move on global urbanization and current city administration methods. The swift city progress in lots of constructing international locations has targeted realization at the regulatory instruments to be had for making plans keep an eye on, a lot of that are heavily modelled at the 1932 city & nation making plans Act for England and Wales.
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Additional info for Of Planting and Planning: The making of British colonial cities
The evolution of the colonial town planning model thus shows a remarkable continuity of approach and concept from the Restoration period, with only slight modification and refinement. Much depended upon the personal authority and competence of those responsible for executing the plan. Neither Charleston nor Freetown were laid out in accordance with their founder’s wishes, but at Philadelphia, Savannah and Adelaide the determination and technical competence of the founders created urban forms which lasted.
While Mitchell in New South Wales and Roe in Western Australia were important figures, it was in South Australia that the land surveyors achieved their greatest success in town planning. Light’s inspired layout of Adelaide became a model for other settlements in that colony and in New Zealand. South Australia established a tradition of responsible government land survey which has lasted to the present day. 7 In India, surveyors gradually mapped the whole sub-continent, in the so-called Great Trigonometric Survey, and the Indian Revenue Survey replaced Mughal land tenure with British absolute proprietary rights of landownership (Edney, 1990).
Some of the new professionals had public school educations and were already socially well-placed: Sturt, the explorer and Surveyor-General of South Australia, was educated at Harrow School. Others rose from humble origins. Sir William MacGregor, for instance, the son of an Aberdeenshire crofter, trained as a doctor and ended his career as a highlyhonoured colonial governor. 4 Successive professions each enjoyed a period of some fifty years of power to shape colonial urban landscapes, as will be seen.