Download Oman A Country Study by Federal Research Division PDF

By Federal Research Division

Because the improvement of the country's infrastructure within the Seventies, nationwide improvement plans have given precedence to decreasing dependency on oil exports and inspiring income-generating initiatives in non-oil sectors (diversification), selling privatesector funding, and effecting a much broader geographical distribution of investments to right neighborhood imbalances. this kind of wider distribution is meant to slim the distance within the lifestyle in several areas, improve latest parts of inhabitants, and discourage migration to densely populated city facilities, equivalent to Muscat (also obvious as Masqat), the capital. both vital are the nationwide objectives to improve neighborhood human assets, to extend indigenous participation within the inner most zone, and to enhance executive administration and association.

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INDEPENDENCE With the exception of Saudi Arabia and Iraq, the Arab coast of the gulf was ruled by ten families: in Kuwait the Al Sabah; in Bahrain the Al Khalifa; in Qatar the Al Thani; in the present-day UAE the Al Nuhayyan in Abu Dhabi, the Al Nuaimi in Ajman, the Al Sharqi in Al Fujayrah, the Al Maktum in Dubayy, the Al Qasimi in Ras al Khaymah and Sharjah, and the Al Mualla in Umm al Qaywayn; and the Al Said in present-day Oman. These families owed their positions to tribal leadership; it was on this traditional basis that the British had negotiated treaties with their leaders in the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century.

He grew up in an oasis town in central Arabia where he studied Hanbali law, usually considered the strictest of Islamic legal schools, with his grandfather. While still a young man, he left home and continued his studies in Medina and then in Iraq and Iran. When he returned from Iran to Arabia in the late 1730s, he attacked as idolatry many of the customs followed by tribes in the area who venerated rocks and trees. He extended his criticism to practices of the Twelver Shia, such as veneration of the tombs of holy men.

New money, however, increased the influence of area leaders by giving them more resources to distribute. Because of oil exploration, tribal boundaries became clearer, and areas were defined more precisely. Distinctions among tribes also became more evident. A new sense of identity appeared in gulf shaykhdoms and aroused a growing expectation that they should rule themselves. To do this, shaykhs had to cut themselves off from British control and protection. By the early 1960s, this was something to which the British had little objection.

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