Download Opposition In Discourse: The Construction of Oppositional by Lesley Jeffries PDF

By Lesley Jeffries

In this significant e-book, Lesley Jeffries introduces a phenomenon which has no longer been given the eye it merits - the contextual development of oppositional that means. those are opposites now not recognisable as such out of context yet which are sincerely organize this fashion within the textual content concerned.

The importance of oppositional which means is famous, and has been mentioned through students for millennia, from Philosophy to Politics. however the major emphasis has continually been at the traditional contrary: the other known by means of lexical semantics.

Starting from socio-cultural viewpoints, relocating to unique learn after which concluding with a brand new theoretical formula, this ebook introduces and consolidates an important new method of the research of oppositional that means. It closes with a dialogue of the significance of developed competition in hegemonic perform and makes a case for the inclusion of competition as a relevant software of severe discourse research. it's now crucial studying for researchers and graduates in stylistics, linguistics and language studies.

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Additional info for Opposition In Discourse: The Construction of Oppositional Meaning

Example text

Complementary: opposite alive) This battery is almost dead. ) The relationship between conventional uses and categories of opposite and their use in contexts where these uses and categories can change is an under-researched topic, and it underpins the work reported in this book, which looks at similar processes of adapting conventions in context, but in relation to unconventionally opposed items. We will therefore return to the boundaries between categories of opposition, if indeed they are categories at all, in a later section.

One of the consequences of the fluidity of boundaries between different categories of opposite, and the lack of awareness on the part of speakers of these distinctions, is that some conventional or established opposites may be challenged and/or have their category changed by a particular contextual use. This presents opportunities for those who wish to challenge the status quo as well as those who 22 Opposition In Discourse might wish to manipulate others for their own ends. For example, whether some of the opposites that divide the world in the early twenty-first century by being seen as mutually exclusive might be more productively viewed as mutually dependent is a large question, but it is one that I will return to in the final chapter of this book.

E. e. I am concerned with the next meal). Note that unlike in the previous set of examples, the parallel structure works alone to indicate opposite status here, there being no negation. The first example is from a poem where McGuckian describes the feelings of a woman abandoned by her husband who alternates between rage and contentment, which though not a conventional opposite, is nevertheless recognizable as familiar extremes of negative and positive emotion respectively. In the latter, the created opposition between volume/space and the next meal leaves us with a strong impression of opposition between the abstract art of the painter and the concrete hunger of his sitter, meaning that a translation into a conventional opposite is quite easy to make.

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