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By Jose M. R. Delgado M.D.

In regards to the Author

Jose M. R. Delgado was once born in Ronda, Spain, and bought his scientific education at Madrid
University, the place he used to be affiliate Professor of body structure until eventually 1950 whilst he got here to Yale
University to paintings with Dr. John Fulton.

he's now Professor of body structure at Yale, the place he has constructed recommendations for electric and chemical stimulation of the mind and has utilized them to the learn of primate and human habit. He has released greater than 2 hundred medical papers and is a widely known authority in neurobehavioral learn

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Lobotomized patients reacted to noxious stimuli as much, if not more, than before their operations, jumping at pinpricks and responding quickly to objective tests of excessive heat, but they showed decreased concern. It seems that in the frontal lobes there is a potentiating mechanism for the evaluation of personal suffering, and after lobotomy the initial sensation of pain is unmodified, while the reactive component to that feeling is greatly diminished. This mechanism is rather specific of the frontal lobes; bilateral destruction of the temporal lobes fails to modify personal suffering.

The highest lever-pressing rates (of up to a remarkable 5,000 times per hour) were recorded by animals selfstimulating in the posterior hypothalamus; excitation of rhinencephalic structures (of only about 200 times per hour) was considered moderately rewarding; and in sensory or motor areas, animals self-stimulated at merely a chance level (of 10 to 25 times per hour), and these areas were classified as neutral. As should be expected, when stimulation was shifted from rewarding areas to nuclei in the punishment system in the same animals, they pressed the lever once and never went back, showing that in the brain of the same animal there were two different groups of structures, one rewarding and the other aversive.

A major role of education is to "build internal controls in human beings so that they can withstand external pressures and maintain internal equilibrium" (157). We should remember that it is normal for an animal to urinate when the bladder is full and to mount any available female during the mating season, but that these behaviors may be controlled in man through training. The distinctly human quality of cerebralization of behavior is possible through education. Human aggression may be considered a behavioral response characterized by the exercise of force with the intent to inflict damage on persons or objects.

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