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By Ambe Njoh

With a multidisciplinary point of view, making plans strength examines British and French colonial city and state making plans efforts in Africa. Drawing out similarities within the colonial administrative and financial options of the 2 powers, instead of emphasizing the variations, the booklet bargains an surprisingly nuanced view of African making plans structures in a time of upheaval and political switch. In displaying how the colonial specialists sought to realize political and social keep an eye on in Africa, it may be noticeable how their will to exert political strength prompted each quarter of making plans perform in this period. This specified comparative research of British and French colonial city making plans – protecting the whole sub-Saharan African zone – takes theories from a variety of disciplines, together with political technological know-how, heritage, city and neighborhood making plans, economics and geography to color a complete photograph of the topic. Written by way of a prolific researcher and author within the political-economy of city and neighborhood making plans in Africa, making plans energy is effective examining for college students and lecturers in a number of disciplines.

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Efforts in this regard often began with the creation of an administrative district and/or military base. By conferring the status of administrative centre on any locale, the colonial state influenced in no small way the social, economic and spatial growth of that locale. The cases of Dakar and Brazzaville, which served as the capitals of French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa respectively, are illustrative. Also, Yaoundé, the capital of present-day Cameroon, would have been a lot less developed without the decision in 1946 to transfer the colonial government’s administrative functions there from Douala.

By the mid-1800s, PortoNovo counted amongst its residents a significant number of French people. Further away from Porto-Novo, and in what was later to become Gabon, yet another outpost was established in the mid-nineteenth century. e. Freetown in English) was established in 1849 to harbour freed slaves. Housing units and a piece of land for cultivation were assigned to each freed slave. As time went by, there was a need to meet the basic needs and protect the health of the European inhabitants of the outpost.

Governors of the colonial territories were placed in charge of marshalling the funds necessary to cover said costs. The main sources of revenue were import and export taxes. Also, colonial governments could request guaranteed loans or advances from the French Treasury. This latter option was shortlived, particularly because it had the negative reputation for encouraging indebtedness on the part of colonial governments. Since such loans or advances constituted an important source of revenue for the colonial governments, discontinuing them required the creation of alternative sources.

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