Download Planning Under Pressure - The Strategic Choice Approach by John Friend, Allen Hickling PDF

By John Friend, Allen Hickling

Making plans stressed deals managers, planners, experts and scholars a finished and authoritative consultant to the Strategic selection process, which has progressively been attracting around the globe popularity as a clean, flexible and sensible method of collaborative decision-making lower than uncertainty.
Starting from uncomplicated ideas, the ebook makes use of worthwhile diagrams and transparent factors to illustrate sensible methods of imminent daunting selection difficulties; of devising attainable methods ahead; and of operating successfully in the direction of agreed classes of motion. alongside he method, selection makers are helped to deal with various resources of uncertainty - technical, political, managerial - in a strategic manner.
In this prolonged 3rd version, the authors have extra brief contributions from 21 clients from seven nations. those new participants current classes from their various stories in adapting the Strategic selection method of consultant decision-making and studying in settings starting from the re-routing of a debatable urban carnival procession to nationwide coverage for the administration of nuclear waste.
· presents a step by step consultant to the Strategic selection procedure and advice on how one can adapt it for your personal organizational setting;
· deals examples of its software in perform to many types and degrees of strategic problem round the globe;
· Authored via the 2 top individuals of the workforce of pioneers who've been on the center of improvement of the method and its wide selection of purposes.

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Extra info for Planning Under Pressure - The Strategic Choice Approach

Sample text

During such a debate, different perceptions could well emerge not only about the number of options in each decision area, but also about the terms in which they should be expressed. For instance, it could be asked why the set of options for public investment in the continued life of South Side as a residential district should be limited to the range of 10-year, 20-year and 40-year horizons. Why not 5 years, or 15, or 100? And why express the range of possibilities in terms of time horizons at all?

Working into Problems Once the set of options within a decision area is agreed to be adequate as a base for further analysis, it can be a useful practical step to give them short labels, as in Figure 14. So long as these labels do not suppress too much of the information contained in their full descriptions, they can save a great deal of time and space when it comes to examining combinations of options from different decision areas. COMPATIBILITY OF OPTIONS IN INTERCONNECTED DECISION AREAS Once options have been identified, the question arises of what possibilities for choice are to be found, not merely within each decision area taken separately, but within linked pairs or sets of decision areas within the selected problem focus.

However, in building up a series of two-way tables such as those in Figure 15, it is usually found that crosses representing option bars appear in only a minority of the cells. This can greatly 35 FIGURE 16 The Concept of an Option Graph SOUTH SIDE EXAMPLE An OPTION GRAPH is a diagrammatic representation of the compatibilities and incompatibilities of options within a problem focus. Working into Problems simplify the analysis of which combinations are possible and which are not. The same kind of information can be built up by graphical methods, through an extension of the kinds of conventions used to develop the decision graph.

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