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By P. Lasersohn

Plurality, Conjunction and Events provides a singular conception of plural and conjoined words, in an event-based semantic framework. It starts via reviewing concepts for treating the alternation among `collective' and `distributive' readings of sentences containing plural or conjoined noun words, together with analyses from either the fashionable and the premodern literature. it truly is argued that plural and conjoined noun words are unambiguously group-denoting, and that the collective/distributive contrast consequently has to be positioned within the predicates with which those noun words mix. extra in particular, predicates should have a hidden argument position for occasions; the collective/distributive contrast might then be represented within the part/whole constitution of those occasions. this permits a ordinary therapy of `collectivizing' adverbial expressions, and of `pluractional' affixes; it additionally permits a unified semantics for conjunction, within which conjoined sentences and predicates denote teams of occasions, very like conjoined noun words denote teams of people.

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However Sanctius' work triggered a long-Iasting debate over something essentially identical to the S/S Analysis, and therefore seems like a good place to start. 3 Sanctius (Book I, Ch. 18; Book III, Ch. 14) suggested something like the S/S Analysis in order to account for certain peculiarities in case assignment in Latin. 1) Emi equum centum aureis, et pluris. ' The verb emi, 'bought, , normally requires that the phrase indicating the price of the purehase be in the ablative case; a limited class of items, however, may be in the genitive instead.

Adherents of modem syntactic theories may also find the S/S Analysis unattractive. A reciprocal formation role of the sort proposed THE S/S ANALYSIS 51 by Gleitman (and perhaps implicit in Beattie) would seem to make impossible an account of the syntactic distribution of reciprocal pronouns in terms of Binding Theory, for example. Gleitman's nominalization rule is also inconsistent with the lexicalist approach to nominalization popular since Chomsky (1970). An analysis like Schein's does not appear to contradict these standard assumptions, but runs into its own semantic problems, including problems with reciprocals, as we have seen.

NOTES 1. S. , London. 2. But see my remarks on a "Montagovian" interpretation of Aristotle, at the end of this section. 3. Pope John XXI. Peter takes a somewhat different posItIOn in his Tractatus Syncategorematum. g. Rivero 1973, Wierzbicka 1980). I think this is the result of actual inconsistency on Peter's part, and not because his views have been "misappropriated," as Wierzbicka suggests; it may also be that the Syncategoremata was not really written by Peter (Moody 1967). 4. The translation is by F.

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