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By Augusto Soares Da Silva

The reports gathered during this quantity discover the sociocultural, conceptual and structural dimensions of version and alter inside of pluricentric languages, with particular emphasis at the dating among nationwide forms. the quantity describes styles of phonetic, lexical and morphosyntactic edition, and language attitudes. It brings jointly Cognitive Linguistics and sociolinguistics and uses complex empirical equipment. the quantity addresses a much broader viewers of students together with linguists, sociologists, anthropologists, and language planners and lecturers.

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E. Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary and Romania), the Austrian variety of StdG competes with German StdG. Swiss StdG plays no role as a target variety; in fact, even in the Italian- and Frenchspeaking parts of Switzerland, it is often German StdG which is learnt, not Swiss StdG. – German StdG has some influence on the Austrian and Swiss standards, but not vice versa; the Austrian and the Swiss variants do not influence each other. In short, the three standard varieties of German are not “of equal standing” (Kloss), but are hierarchically ordered.

Erasure is the “the process in which ideology, in simplifying the sociolinguistic field, renders some persons or activities (or sociolinguistic phenomena) invisible. Facts that are inconsistent with the ideological scheme either go unnoticed or get explained away”. A final point made in this paper is that the enregisterment of national varieties of standard German has a different status in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. As is typical for asymmetrical pluricentricity, the Austrian and the Swiss ideologies of StdG imply a double stereotyping which is absent from the German standard ideol- 46 Peter Auer ogy.

Knödel and Semmel, on the contrary, are not Austriacisms, since they are used outside Austria as well. Both therefore seem to be ill-suited for exemplifying the German vs. the Austrian way of speaking standard. But this is exactly what enregisterment is all about: the cartoon achieves the transformation from language use to language norms. Irrespective of how Germans speak in reality, their variety of German becomes normatively enregistered as one in which rolls are called Brötchen, and dumplings are called Klöße.

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