Download Political Settlements in Divided Societies: by Christalla Yakinthou PDF

By Christalla Yakinthou

Yakinthou throws mild at the demanding situations of adopting political settlements in frozen conflicts and divided societies through targeting the clash in Cyprus, the answer of which has for years been held up, largely by way of elite intransigence. The publication bargains solutions for why elites in Cyprus are so unwilling to undertake a power-sharing resolution.

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Additional resources for Political Settlements in Divided Societies: Consociationalism and Cyprus

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Power is the most basic struggle which underlies the majority of conflicts, and the Cyprus conflict has been particularly characterised by inter- and intra-segmental struggles for power. The internal balance of power changed when the Turkish Cypriot community gained significant territory after 1974 and the communities separated geographically. In this way, segmental isolation also directly affected the internal balance of power by linking geographical and communal rights. The acquisition of land also provided Turkish Cypriot elites with a significant bargaining chip in future negotiations.

114 But engineers will on the whole continue to draw upon cases where they see comparable dimensions of conflict and institutions which appear to contain that conflict. It is for the bi-national dimensions of Belgium’s conflict, as well as its functioning within the EU, and particularly for the Swiss executive’s ability to solve the Cypriot dilemma over the practical and symbolic distribution of power between Greek and Turkish Cypriot elites that the two models were primarily chosen. For engineers like Pfirter, cases like Belgium and Switzerland are valuable because they provide institutional pieces to solve complex puzzles.

Greek Cypriots, while grudgingly accepting segmental division, resent the separation127 and argue that the Turkish Cypriot community has nothing to fear in integration. Segmental isolation is a key factor which also affects two of the three other factors. In communities that are numerically unequal, segmental isolation strengthens the hand of the minority segment(s) by giving their claim a territorial base. This assists in creating the second favourable factor, an equal balance of power between the segments.

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