By Hans Groth, Alfonso Sousa-Poza
The ebook discusses the demographic alterations in Muslim nations. It thereby specializes in issues reminiscent of the demographic dividend and the demographic transition, labour industry demanding situations, healthiness care, common schooling and gender concerns. those demanding situations are addressed at a rustic point and comprise coverage implications for the massive majority of the Muslim nations lined during this booklet. furthermore, political outcomes for Europe with appreciate to the mixing of Muslims are offered to the reader.
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Extra info for Population Dynamics in Muslim Countries: Assembling the Jigsaw
6 Some Implications of Today’s Rapid Fertility Declines in the Islamic World We have made the empirical case in this chapter that a sea-change in fertility levels, and by extension, in attendant patterns of family formation, is now underway in the Islamic world – even if this sea-change remains curiously un-recognized and undiscussed even in the societies it is so rapidly transforming. Why this should be the case is an important question, but one that will not detain us here. Instead, we shall conclude by touching a few of the more obvious implications of these big demographic changes for the years ahead.
22 N. Eberstadt and A. 9037 Georgia Ukraine 0 0 2 4 6 8 Wanted Fertility Rate, most recent year Fig. 3 Total fertility rates 2000/2005 vs. Wanted total fertility rates, c. 2000 (Sources: Wanted TFR: Macro International Inc, 2009. MEASURE DHS STATcompiler. measuredhs. un. org/unpp, Tuesday, June 09, 2009; 1:53:51 PM) an important independent contribution to reducing fertility levels in developing countries, especially by reducing what is called “excess fertility” or “unwanted fertility”. It has often been difficult to test that proposition in a methodologically sound and rigorous manner, as the aforementioned Pritchett study observed – and as Pritchett argued – methodologically sound investigations generally indicated that the demographic impact of family planning programs tended to be marginal.
Socioeconomic factors, to be sure, may well affect the desired family sizes that women of childbearing age report in these DHS surveys – in fact they surely do. But the critical determinant of actual fertility levels in Muslim and non-Muslim societies alike at the end of the day would appear to be attitudinal and volitional, rather than material and mechanistic. How do the various factors mentioned thus far interact in influencing fertility levels in Muslim-majority countries? We may get a sense of this complex interplay 2 2 Fertility Decline in the Muslim World, c.