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By Beatrice Forbes Manz

Beatrice Forbes Manz makes use of the historical past of Iran less than the Timurid ruler Shahrukh (1409-1447) to examine the connection among executive and society within the medieval heart East. She offers a wealthy portrait of Iranian society over a very large spectrum - the dynasty and its servitors, urban elite and provincial rulers, and the non secular periods, either ulama' and Sufi. The paintings addresses concerns imperative to pre-modern center japanese heritage: how a central authority with no the monopoly of strength managed a heterogeneous society, and the way a society with diffuse strength buildings remained strong over lengthy classes. Written for an viewers of scholars in addition to students, this booklet presents a large research of political dynamics in overdue medieval Iran and demanding situations a lot bought knowledge approximately civil and army strength, the connection of presidency to society, and the interplay of non secular figures with the ruling classification.

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Extra resources for Power, politics and religion in Timurid Iran

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Afarn . afiz. -i Abr Yazdı, Z ama, vol. II, 17. afarn Taj al-Salm anı, Shams, 123–30; H u, Zubdat, 277–83, 303–15. afiz. -i Abr 22 Power, Politics and Religion in Timurid Iran Shahrukh by his father, a large proportion – half or more – rose against him shortly after Temur’s death. These rebellions by his emirs were a serious ¨ challenge to Shahrukh, but the harm they did was mitigated by his relative leniency towards them. While some individuals were executed or banished for their acts, Shahrukh did not discriminate against their relatives and thus he retained the services of the larger family and the overall makeup of his elite did not change significantly.

108b, 110a, 125a, 129a, 130a. Muqizz, fols. 103b, 104b, 106b, 132b. 21 The next emir to assert himself was Sulaymanshah b. Dapud Dughlat, who left Shahrukh’s service in early 808/1405. Near the end of Temur’s life ¨ Sulaymanshah had been removed from Shahrukh’s army to be appointed governor of Rayy and Firuzkuh. When Shahrukh refused to spare a rebellious prince on Sulaymanshah’s request, he left Shahrukh to serve Khalil Sultan. 22 The uprising later that year illustrates both the slender hold that Shahrukh had over the loyalty of his emirs and his willingness to continue to favor the family of rebels.

58 Shahrukh distributed the leadership of the region among several princes, leaving qUmar Shaykh’s sons with only part of their former lands. Iskandar was now out of power and his earlier holdings of Hamadan and Luristan went to his young brother Bayqara, while Rustam was reinstalled in Isfahan. Qum was entrusted to another prince, Saqd-i Waqqas b. Muhammad Sultan.

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