By Stefano Predelli
This ebook explores the goals and scope of the Millian method of the semantics of right names. Predelli covers the center semantic points of Millianism, and develops them opposed to the historical past of an independently prompted pre-semantic photo, grounded at the contrast among that means and use. as a result, the amount defends Millianism from convinced well known misconceptions and criticisms, it highlights its explanatory capability, and it tackles quite a few conventional philosophical difficulties from its point of view. particularly, Predelli discusses the relationships among co-referential names, the problem of non truth-conditional which means for correct names, the function of onomastics in a concept of using names, the phenomenon of empty names, instances of so-called fictional names and names from fantasy and fake clinical theories, and it sounds as if predicative makes use of of right names. Read more...
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Extra resources for Proper Names: A Millian Account
11 For expository purposes, I hereinafter tend to take as paradigmatic certain pre-theoretically obvious features of standard scenarios for face-to-face interaction, and to phrase my examples accordingly. e. the individual who is speaking on that occasion. 13 The distinction between a sentence’s character and its relationships to settlement, and the parallel divide between contexts simpliciter and contexts of use, will play a role in my discussion of certain questions related to the main topic in this book, proper names.
Intention to originate a word rather than conform to a prior usage. (Kaplan 1977: 560)12 At least when it comes to straightforward launchings, such as Mr Winterbottom Sr’s tokening of the name-like articulation /Alice/ while holding Alice by the baptismal font, a variety of further constraints have been put forth pertaining to the role and properties of the launcher. The model in this respect has generally been one borrowed from speech act theory: just as, say, my assertion that p is successfully and nondefectively being performed only if I believe that p, so Mr Winterbottom’s introduction of /Alice/ as the articulation of a name is successful only as long as he bears the sorts of properties needed by a launcher on that occasion.
I cannot ﬁnd any major ﬂaw in this approach (or at least in any decent implementation of it that I can think of), with the exception of its idleness. Clearly, your baseball-oriented utterance of ‘that is a bat’ will not implausibly be deemed to be incompatible with your utterance of ‘that is not a bat’, even in the presence of a ﬁxed demonstratum, as long as the latter is intended to invoke the zoologically directed character for ‘bat’. 10 Yet, no semantically interesting interaction between these two distinct expressions (in my sense of expression) is to be expected, over and above the semantically accidental fact that, in English, these utterly unrelated characters happen to be coupled with one and the same articulation, /bat/.