By Torben Thrane
Dr Thrane makes an unique contribution to 1 of the valuable issues in syntax and semantics: the character and mechanisms of reference in traditional language. He makes a primary contrast among syntactic analyses which are inner to the constitution of a language and analyses of the referential houses that attach a language with the 'outside global' - and accordingly derive in a few experience from universal human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this contrast and to wait individually to either forms of research has vitiated earlier normal money owed of linguistic constitution. The publication focuses quite on pronouns and at the function of determiners, quantifiers and different elements of the noun word. lots of the information come from the trendy Germanic languages, specifically English, yet Dr Thrane considers additionally the structural peculiarities of 'classifier languages' like Vietnamese. The ebook can be very important for college students of English language in addition to for basic linguists.
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Additional info for Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference
The form of particular semantic analyses depends on various combinations of emphasis on one or more of the following three factors: (a) the approach taken to meaning; (b) the form of semantic representation adopted; and (c) the reliance placed on the particular framework designed to account for the syntactic properties of language. In chapter 3 I shall go into a more detailed discussion of some of these issues, establishing a distinction between syntactico-semantic and referential-semantic analyses.
Here 'exist' is used in its everyday sense, which is spelled out in (b); (a) on the other hand, is the spelling out of the 'non-predicational' use of 'exist'. The parallelism between (7)(a) and (b) is brought out further if (3) is compared to: (8) To say of a non-linguistic entity, x, that it is on the roof, is to assign x to the spatio-temporal location constituted by the referent of'the roof. I shall now say that phrases like 'on the roof establish ST-locations. In this way we posit a distinction between two types of sign, one that denotes and one that indicates: (9) (a) If' ' denotes then it establishes a categorial location; (b) If' ' indicates then it establishes a spatio-temporal location.
We are told by Austin that to state is not a performative (Austin 1962: 61, 65), so to lie is probably not one either. Yet stating is an illocutionary act (Austin 1962: Lecture xi), so lying might be considered to be one also. This is borne out by the test for verbs defining illocutionary acts (Austin 1962: I26f). Now if lying is an illocutionary act we should want 1 The most consistent and most well-documented attempt to establish speech acts semantics as an alternative to truth-dependent semantics since Searle (1969) is that by Mortensen (1972).