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By N. Naim Turfan

The army was once the main political establishment in early twentieth century Turkey. Its accountability used to be to save lots of the state--a accountability buried deeply in its ethos and tradition--and this was once mirrored within the younger Turk move and its chief Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. This e-book examines the old stipulations less than which the Ottoman-Turkish army culture was once demonstrated, the function it performed (especially within the younger Turk period) and how it set the scene for the transformation from empire to countryside, the Republic of Turkey. huge social and historic settings introduce insurance of the tumultuous occasions of the interval 1908-1913 in a full of life historic narrative with accompanying commentary.

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As far as I can see, each strand follows its own course, military and political respectively. 34 Yet this crossing into Europe continually increased the requirements of a regular, standing, military force,35 especially with the relative reduction of the Turkish so-called “conquering race”36 – already becoming 24 RISE OF THE YOUNG TURKS: POLITICS, THE MILITARY AND OTTOMAN COLLAPSE exhausted from bearing the weight of an increasing number of incessant wars. Hence, military reasons for the introduction of the kul system were imperative.

In order to accomplish this aspiration, the writers on Ottoman statecraft occupied themselves with the problem of, at first, the achievement and, in later periods, the maintenance of the dominant influence of the Ruler. Their basic premise seems to have been born from a simple formula: if there are men they must have some beliefs and, if so, these belief-holders should be convinced that some form of social order is a prerequisite, especially “on the troubled frontiers of Asia Minor” where they now happened to be living.

Their basic premise seems to have been born from a simple formula: if there are men they must have some beliefs and, if so, these belief-holders should be convinced that some form of social order is a prerequisite, especially “on the troubled frontiers of Asia Minor” where they now happened to be living. The solution, for the mainstream Muslim-Turkish political literature, was founded upon the axiomatic nature of statecraft. That is, for men, who are in need of harmonious subjugation, a kind of statecraft which would keep each man in his proper place as determined not by his ethnicity but strictly by his ability to consecrate himself to and serve the policy and aims of the Ruler.

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