By Sandy Gow
Roughnecks, Rock Bits, and Rigs:The Evolution of Oil good Drilling know-how in Alberta, 1883-1970, is a close examine of an immense and little-documented region of the historical past of oil and gasoline in Alberta. it's the first entire research to target the applied sciences that made Alberta's oil doable. writer Sandy Gow presents an in-depth examine the evolution of oil good drilling expertise from 1883 via 1970, the period of traditional oil exploration within the province. in the course of the early exploration years, the members operating within the oilfield constructed and tailored applied sciences, resembling drill bits and gear resources, to fit their particular wishes, mostly via trial and mistake. This spirit of innovation and ingenuity is captured in bills of the evolution of drilling tactics and kit, in addition to within the own tales of these who labored at the rigs. Gow places the expertise of the oilfield into context with an outline of the historical past and geology of oil and gasoline in Alberta, in addition to a glance on the human part of this very important provincial undefined.
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Extra info for Roughnecks, Rock Bits And Rigs: The Evolution Of Oil Well Drilling Technology In Alberta, 1883-1970
The news of the ﬁrst discovery set off a mad scramble to acquire drilling leases in the Leduc area, and this quiet farming community was soon surrounded by a plethora of steam- and diesel-powered drilling rigs in the employ of Imperial and other larger companies. 3 The major oil fields discovered in Alberta, 1947–1953. Map by Jan Vandenberg. Oil Field Sites: 1. Leduc-Woodbend 13. Wizard Lake 2. Redwater 14. Bonnie Glen 3. Joarcam 15. Westerose 4. Golden Spike 16. Drumheller 5. Stettler 17. New Norway 6.
127 Oil injected new life and a fresh inﬂux of people into the province, causing it to become a magnet that attracted a fairly steady number of outsiders between 1947 and 1970. Author John J. Barr gives his own personal view of the impact of oil and gas on Albertans and Edmonton in particular in an article published in a book dealing with the making of the modern West in Canada: Let me inject a personal impressionistic note on this decade of growth. I grew up in Alberta and was becoming conscious of the world about the time the Leduc discovery’s impact was really starting to be felt in Edmonton, which is to say the early to mid-1950s.
T H E S M A L L E R F I E L D S O F T H E M I D -19 5 0 s In every year beginning in 1947, a ﬁeld had been discovered with reserves of more than 100 million barrels: Leduc (1947), Redwater (1948), Golden Spike 22 (1949), Fenn-Big Valley (1950), Wizard Lake (1951), Bonnie Glen (1952), and Pembina and Sturgeon Lake South (1953). Although Pembina sparked a search for oil in the Cardium sandstone, no subsequent discoveries in any formation matched the earlier ﬁnds for several years. From 1954 until 1956, no oil company could claim that it had made a big crude discovery.