By Fatemeh Shayan (auth.)
This ebook examines alterations within the Persian Gulf safeguard advanced following the USA (US) invasion of Iraq in 2003, targeting threats to the collective identities of 2 spiritual sects - Shia and Sunni. even supposing there's a becoming physique of literature analyzing safeguard within the Persian Gulf, little concentration has been given to the theoretical and methodological facets of the matter. during this quantity, Shayan analyses the reasons in the back of the safety alterations which happened within the sector seeing that 2003 and demonstrates how local defense dynamics are interlinked to perceived sectarian threats at the Shia and Sunni spiritual identities. this article is vital studying for political scientists, coverage makers and students of diplomacy.
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Extra resources for Security in the Persian Gulf Region
With its anarchic structure and standard type, the security complex of the Persian Gulf is characterized by numerous securitized and political threats and risks, including those arising from the powerful role of nationalities and religious sects. These and other issues make the occurrence of war very likely. These tensions are not constitutive of European or North American RSCs, but rather highlight the boundaries of the Persian Gulf RSC. 4 Polarity In the context of the present investigation, polarity refers to the distribution of power among regional states.
In addition, given the prevalent patterns of partial enmity and rivalry among the states, the Persian Gulf region should be treated a standard sub-complex. With its anarchic structure and standard type, the security complex of the Persian Gulf is characterized by numerous securitized and political threats and risks, including those arising from the powerful role of nationalities and religious sects. These and other issues make the occurrence of war very likely. These tensions are not constitutive of European or North American RSCs, but rather highlight the boundaries of the Persian Gulf RSC.
Ethical consciousness, on the other hand, refers to moral laws and renouncing of personal desires. For example, marriage represents willingness to control sexual impulses and accept obligations imposed by the union. Finally, religious consciousness requires acceptance that moral laws cannot be fulfilled, suggesting that all humans are sinners, separated from God. In this context, moral laws can serve as an approximation of the highest good. 91 For example, by demonstrating a willingness to sacrifice his son to confirm his faith to God, Abraham became a hero of faith.