By Tony McEnery
Do males use undesirable language greater than ladies? How do social type and using undesirable language have interaction? Do younger audio system use undesirable language extra often than older audio system? utilizing the spoken component of the British nationwide Corpus, Swearing in English explores questions reminiscent of those and considers at size the historic origins of contemporary attitudes to undesirable language.
Drawing on numerous methodologies together with historic learn and corpus linguistics, and quite a number info comparable to corpora, dramatic texts, early glossy newsbooks and tv, Tony McEnery takes a socio-historical method of discourses approximately undesirable language in English. Arguing that purity of speech and gear have end up attached through a chain of ethical panics approximately undesirable language, the booklet contends that those ethical panics, through the years, have generated the diversities observable in undesirable language utilization in trendy English.
A interesting, accomplished perception into an more and more renowned quarter, this publication presents an evidence, and never easily an outline, of ways smooth attitudes to undesirable language have come about.
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Additional info for Swearing in English: bad language, purity and power from 1586 to the present
2 shows the full range of annotations applied to each example of bad language in the LCA. 1 is necessary. There is, quite clearly, a link between morphosyntax and the classification scheme given. g. when a word is acting as an adverbial booster it receives one label, when the same word form is acting as a premodifying adjectival intensifier it receives another label. One cannot, however, simply replace the labels with part-of-speech categories. For example, Curse, Dest, Gen and Literal are all examples where, for the word FUCK, the word is most likely to be a verb, as shown in the examples given in the table for this word.
G. Cuntona occurs in the BNC as an insulting pun on Cantona, the surname of a French footballer). The LCA inherits the balance of its parent corpus, the BNC, which is balanced for age, sex and social class. This is fortunate, as these are the three variables with which this chapter is principally concerned. g. g. g. g. g. g. QUEER). g. cow). 52 All told, there are 8,284 separate examples in the LCA. The corpus also contains annotations, as in order to retrieve information from the LCA in a speedy and systematic way,’ I needed to develop a set of annotations geared to the study of BLWs.
BLW use is one of a number of linguistic variables we may consider when we discuss non-prestige forms of language. Hence the presence or absence of BLW use in language is a marker of distinction, with the relative absence of BLW use being a marker of a more prestigious, more refined version of the language. I will leave this defence of my approach to BLW use being based on distinction here for the moment— the conclusion to this chapter, Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 return to this issue. The conclusion of this chapter refines the notion of distinction in the light of the findings here.