Download Synthetic Membranes: Volume II. Hyper- and Ultrafiltration by Albin F. Turbak PDF

By Albin F. Turbak

content material: v. 1. Desalination --
v. 2. Hyper- and ultrafiltration makes use of. v. 1. The Loeb-Sourirajan membrane : the way it happened / Sidney Loeb --
opposite osmosis : a brand new box of utilized chemistry and chemical engineering / S. Sourirajan --
software of artificial membranes in water provide structures in Israel / P. Glueckstern, Y. Kantor, and M. Wilf --
longevity learn of cellulose acetate reverse-osmosis membrane less than hostile situations for desalting : laboratory research and its box program effects / Hirotoshi Motomura and Yoshio Taniguchi --
Membranes for salinity gradient power construction / K.L. Lee, R.W. Baker, and H.K. Lonsdale --
Seawater opposite osmosis : the true event / R. Bakish --
an electric research of ion delivery in cellulose acetate / M.A. Chaudry and P. Meares --
Prediction technique for the lifetime of reverse-osmosis membranes / H. Ohya, Y. Negishi, okay. Kamoto, ok. Matsui, and H. Inoue --
version and initial experiments on membrane fouling in opposite osmosis / R.F. Probstein, K.K. Chan, R. Cohen, and that i. Rubenstein --
Intrinsic membrane compaction and aqueous solute stories of hyperfiltration (reverse-osmosis) membranes utilizing interferometry / David Mahlab, Nissim Ben Yosef, and Georges Belfort --
strain drop throughout polarization layers in ultrafiltration / Michael Wales --
The influence of halogens at the functionality and sturdiness of reverse-osmosis membranes / Julius Glater, Joseph W. Mccutchan, Scott B. Mccray, and Michael R. Zachariah --
High-flux cellulose acetate membranes / K.W. Böddeker, H. Finken, and A. Wenzlaff --
hugely anisotropic cellulose mixed-ester membranes for microfiltration / R. Kesting, A. Murray, ok. Jackson, and J. Newman --
Permeability homes of cellulose triacetate hollow-fiber membranes for one-pass seawater desalination / Kaoru Furukawa, Masaaki Sekino, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Kazuto Hamada, Tetsuo Ukai, and Hirohito Matsui --
The influence of phosphoric acid as a casting dope element on reverse-osmosis membrane houses / B. Kunst and Z. Vajnaht --
Electron microscopy of cellulose acetate reverse-osmotic membranes by way of the enhanced replication procedure / Masaku Katoh and Sho Suzuki --
Asymptotic solute rejection in opposite osmosis / Sun-Tak Hwang and Wolfgang Pusch --
Ultrastructure of uneven and composite membranes / Israel Cabasso --
Reverse-osmosis learn in India : scope and prospects / D.J. Mehta and A.V. Rao --
Thin-film composite reverse-osmosis membranes : beginning, improvement, and up to date advances / John E. Cadotte and Robert J. Petersen --
Poly(aryl ether) membranes for opposite osmosis / D.R. Lloyd, L.E. Gerlowski, C.D. Sunderland, J.P. Wightman, J.E. McGrath, M. Igbal, and Y. Kang --
delivery of ions and water in sulfonated polysulfone membranes / N. Vinnikova and G.B. Tanny --
Hollow-fiber reverse-osmosis composite membranes: technique and houses / R.B. Davis, D.K. Schiffer, and C.E. Kramer --
Poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes for opposite osmosis / Moshe G. Katz and Theodore Wydeven, Jr. --
winning operation of a permasep permeator reverse-osmosis process on biologically lively feed water / H.W. Pohland and G.E. Bettinger --
The impact of fluid administration on membrane filtration / M.C. Porter. v. 2. improvement of a tomato juice focus process by means of opposite osmosis / okay. Ishii, S. Konomi, ok. Kojima, M. Kai, N. Ukai, and N. Uno --
Membrane methods in needs to and wine remedy / E. Drioli, G. Orlando, S. D'Ambra, and A. Amati --
business program of ultrafiltration and hyperfiltration within the meals and dairy industries / Ole Jentoft Olsen --
Fouling in whey opposite osmosis / B.R. Smith --
improvement of a cellulose acetate membrane and a module for hemofiltration / M. Kai, okay. Ishii, Z. Honda, H. Tsugaya, M. Maekawa, T. Kishimoto, and S. Yamagami --
strain regulate of the ultrafiltration price in the course of hemodialysis with high-flux dialyzers and the time dependence of membrane shipping parameters / Allen Zelman, David Gisser, Gary Strait, Victor Bastidas, Robert Stephen, Carl Kablitz, Jeffrey Harrow, Barry Deeter, and W.J. Kolff --
Ultrafiltration charges and rejection of solutes via cellulosic hole fibers / E. Klein, F.F. Holland, ok. Eberle, and R.P. Wendt --
Dialysis processing of cryopreserved purple blood cells / Allen Zelman, David Gisser, Dexter Smith, and Robert Stephen --
influence of gel layer on rejection and fractionation of different-molecular-weight solutes through ultrafiltration / Shin-Ichi Nakao and Shoji Kimura --
software of extremely- and hyperfiltration in the course of creation of enzymatically changed proteins / H. Sejr Olsen and J. Adler-Nissen --
Separation of biopolymer from fermentation broths / W.L. Griffith, A.L. Compere, C.G. Westmoreland, and J.S. Johnson, Jr. --
Externally wound tubular membrane components in modular assemblies : creation and alertness / S. Manjikian and C.K. Wojcik --
Membrane improvement, construction, and use in hyperfiltration structures / W. Kofod Nielsen --
Multiyear adventure with oily and natural chemical waste remedy utilizing opposite osmosis / D. Dean Spatz --
a unique membrane approach for the ultrafiltration of oil emulsions / G.B. Tanny and A. Korin --
Engineering points of the continual membrane column / John M. Thorman and Sun-Tak Hwang --
Chemically resistant uneven membranes made up of PVA for the separation of natural solvents and phenols from aqueous suggestions / S. Peter and R. Stefan --
Solute preferential sorption in opposite osmosis / J.M. Dickson and Douglas R. Lloyd --
Estimation of interfacial forces governing the reverse-osmosis approach : nonionized polar natural solute-water-cellulose acetate membrane / Takeshi Matsuura, Yutaka Taketani, and S. Sourirajan --
Reverse-osmosis separations of alkali steel halides in methanol suggestions utilizing cellulose acetate membranes / Brian A. Farnand, F.D.F. Talbot, Takeshi Matsuura, and S. Sourirajan --
Ultrafiltration and hyperfiltration within the pulp and paper for derivative restoration and effort reductions / in line with H. Claussen --
Pressure-independent ultrafiltration : is it gel constrained or osmotic strain constrained? / Daniel R. Trettin and Mahendra R. Doshi --
Polymer solute rejection via ultrafiltration membranes / Leos Zeman and Michael Wales --
fresh functions of dynamic membranes / Craig A. Brandon, J. Leo Gaddis, and H. Garth Spencer.

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Reverse osmosis was f i r s t proposed as a method f o r the conc e n t r a t i o n of l i q u i d foods some f i f t e e n years ago (12), and s i n c e that time, numerous s t u d i e s have been reported on aspects of the u l t r a f i l t r a t i o n and reverse osmosis of whey. A common observati o n has been the d e c l i n e i n f l u x r a t e through the membrane that occurs during operation due to the accumulation of f o u l i n g l a y e r s on the membrane surface Membrane F o u l i n g Studies on Whey Lim et a l .

1 Teppo-cho, Sakai-shi 590, Japan M . M A E K A W A , T. K I S H I M O T O , and S. Y A M A G A M I Osaka City University Medical School, 1-5-7 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka-shi 545 Japan Since Henderson opene gat applicatio of ultrafiltration t o r e n a l failure as an alternative to hemodialysis and p e r i t o n e a l dialysis, the ultrafiltration o f blood, hemofiltration, has been i n c r e a s i n g l y attracting both clinical and pathological interest. I n the course of h e m o f i l t r a t i o n s t u d i e s , it has been amply confirmed that t h i s new therapy is effective f o r treatment o f hemodialysis-difficulties p a t i e n t s who a r e not compatible w i t h hemodialysis due t o s e r i o u s syndrome.

This source of f o u l i n g could be removed e i t h e r by exchanging the calcium i n the whey f o r sodium, or by s l i g h t l y lowering the pH of the whey. As noted by Matthews (17), the s t u d i e s on membrane f o u l i n g published so f a r would suggest that some of the p r o t e i n components causing f o u l i n g are a f f e c t e d by such f a c t o r s as pH, i o n i c s t r e n g t h and i o n i c composition ( p a r t i c u l a r l y calcium c o n c e n t r a t i o n ) I n t e r a c t i o n s between th shown by P e r i and Dunkle osmosis of s o l u t i o n s of whey components showed l i t t l e i n d i c a t i o n of f o u l i n g ; only whole whey gave a steady d e c l i n e i n f l u x r a t e w i t h time.

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