Download Syria and Lebanon : International Relations and Diplomacy in by Taku Osoegawa PDF

By Taku Osoegawa

The so-called 'Cedar Revolution' in Lebanon, prompted by way of the assassination of the previous best Minister Rafiq Hariri in February 2005, dropped at an finish 3 many years of Syrian army presence within the nation. the following, Taku Osoegawa demanding situations the commonly-held declare that Lebanon and its leaders have been basic puppets of the Syrian regime throughout the thirty years characterized as Lebanon lower than Syrian hegemony. additionally, through interpreting Lebanon's family with Syria from the institution of the Asad regime to the present violence in Syria, Osoegawa concludes that the Lebanese govt has had its personal purposes for aligning with Syria. because the Lebanese-Syrian courting has had a major influence at the diplomacy of the center East, this e-book is vital interpreting for these drawn to the modern neighborhood dynamics

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Extra info for Syria and Lebanon : International Relations and Diplomacy in the Middle East

Sample text

Syria’s vulnerability increased considerably, since the Egyptian policies made it possible for the Israeli army to concentrate on its northern and eastern borders. In addition, the establishment in 1977 of the Likud government in Israel, led by Prime Minister Menachem Begin, increased Syrian President Asad’s concern. 23 Begin ordered the Litani Operation in southern Lebanon in 1978, the beginning of Israeli aggression which would culminate in the massive operation in Lebanon in June 1982. Due to Egypt’s expulsion from the Arab world and the resulting major Arab–Israeli power imbalance, Israel was able to afford overt support to the Maronites, both militarily and politically.

The Syrian–Egyptian disputes spilled over into Lebanon, with each having local proxies. Moreover, with Lebanon’s border stretching across the western part of southern Syria, this made it possible for Israel to attack Syria via Lebanon and thus made Syria vulnerable to that kind of attack. indd 27 8/7/2013 11:21:23 AM 28 SYRIA AND LEBANON for intervention in Lebanon. Over time, Syria’s initial mediatory activities and indirect intervention through its proxy forces were stepped up to the level of direct military intervention.

40 USA–USSR Rivalry and Israeli Hegemony in Lebanon Since the détente between the superpowers was ended by the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan in 1979 and by the subsequent coming to power of US President Ronald Reagan in 1980, the Middle East, as is usual for the Third World, became an arena for superpower rivalries and surrogate conflicts. Israel and its Lebanese allies, especially the Maronites, exploited the new situation to contain the Syrian–Muslim–Palestinian advance in Lebanon and to create an Israeli-dominated order.

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