By Michael I. Luger
Greater than half the 116 study parks now working within the usa have been proven in the course of the Eighties, with the purpose of boosting nearby fiscal development. yet formerly nobody has systematically analyzed even if study parks do in truth generate new companies and jobs. utilizing their very own surveys of all present parks and case stories of 3 of the main successful--Research Triangle Park in North Carolina, Stanford learn Park in California, and the college of Utah examine Park--Michael Luger and Harvey Goldstein learn the industrial impression of such facilities.
As the identify indicates, a learn park is sometimes intended to supply a spacious atmosphere the place uncomplicated and utilized technological learn might be quietly pursued. due to the adventure of some older and renowned examine parks, new parks are anticipated to generate fiscal progress for his or her areas. New or previous, so much parks have shut ties to universities, which take part such ventures to augment their features as facilities of analysis, offer shops for entrepreneurial school individuals, and bring up task possibilities for graduate students.
Too frequently, the authors say, the imaginative and prescient of "incubating" monetary development in a gardenlike guard of study and improvement has failed due to bad making plans, loss of enterprise management, and undesirable success. even supposing the longest-lasting parks have met their unique targets, the more moderen ones have loved at most sensible in simple terms mild good fortune. Luger and Goldstein finish that the older amenities have captured a lot of the marketplace for concentrations of study and improvement organisations, they usually speak about replacement techniques that can in attaining many of the related targets as learn parks, yet in a more cost-effective means. lots of those choices proceed to incorporate a job for universities, and Luger and Goldstein shed clean mild at the linkage among greater schooling and using wisdom for profit.
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Extra resources for Technology in the Garden: Research Parks and Regional Economic Development
Reasons for Locating in the Stanford Research Park 141 7-4. Importance of Stanford University to Park Organizations 142 7-5. Reasons of Out-of-Park Businesses for Locating in the Palo Alto Area 144 Page xii 7-6. Perceived Benefits of the Stanford Research Park to Out-of-Park Businesses 144 7-7. Unemployment Rates for Women and Minorities in the Two-County Region versus California and the United States 151 8-1. University-Sponsored Technology Development Activities 156 8-2. Potential Impacts of Universities 161 8-3.
George Naugles, a Stanford engineering graduate, served well as our local contact. Henry Lowood, the history of science librarian in Stanford's Department of Physics and a noted chronicler of the park himself, identified pertinent bibliographic information and provided helpful comments Page xx on the chapter draft. We are particularly grateful to Alf Brandin, one of the founding fathers of the Stanford Research Park and former vice-president of the university, for submitting to approximately four hours of questions in his home and by telephone.
Prior to this analysis, the same questionnaires that were administered to the park managers or directors at the three case study parks were mailed to the set of managers or directors of the full population of 116 research parks in the United States. This list of 116 parks was winnowed down from a larger list (approximately 160) of parks that (1) had been referred to as research parks in relevant trade journals (for example, Business Facilities, High Technology, and Site Selection Handbook), (2) had been mentioned by park managers with whom we were in contact, or (3) were listed as members on the rolls of the Association of University-Related Research Parks.