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By I. Gershevitch

The second one quantity describes the formation, within the 6th century BC, of the earliest multi-national empire, its management, its disagreement with Greece, and its eventual dissolution lower than the impression of Alexander's conquest of Iran in 331 BC. This was once a time of significant significance within the heritage of the full center East, and embraced figures of the stature of Cyrus, Darius and Xerxes. The resources for this era are extra different than for the other in Iran's background, the majority of the facts being preserved in Babylonian, Elamite, Egyptian and Greek. The involvement during this quantity of experts in each one of those fields has ensured that the result of the in depth examine of modern years are integrated during this synthesis. as well as the strictly old money owed there are chapters on artwork and structure, metalwork and glyptic, calendar platforms, weights and measures, faith, and the jap Iranian international as mirrored within the Avesta.

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Extra resources for The Cambridge History of Iran (Volume 2)

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29 5 Introducing a Scholar between Late Medieval Cairo, Damascus, and Mecca The scholarly tradition to pursue religious duty and knowledge was certainly what drove the scholar Aḥmad b. ʿAlī l-Maqrīzī (b. 766/c. 1365; d. 26 Ramaḍān 845/7 February 1442) to join on several occasions the Egyptian caravans and to exchange from time to time the intense urban environment of his hometown of Cairo for the remote and much quieter surroundings of Sacred Mecca’s Sanctuary mosque. Just as was true for any other scholar, however, whether 29 Petry (1993): 324.

22 Just as in the ḥaǧǧ season of 850/1447, this closely watched organisation of the main pilgrimage travel could result occasionally—in years of regional political stability and socio-economic prosperity in particular—in the arrival in Mecca of eight to ten different caravans and in the overcrowding of the town’s basic facilities, as is also suggested by al-Saḫāwī for the unusually busy season of 845/1442: [After the arrival of the Cairo caravans], the caravan from Gaza entered [Mecca], followed by the [caravans] from Aleppo, from Damascus, from Karak, from Safad, from Baghdad, and then from with the Turkmen.

Rabbat (2003) (quotes p. 16). Bauden equally refers to “the loss of most of his relatives” as an additional reason for al-Maqrīzī to decide “to retire from public life and to devote himself full-time to his passion for writing history” (Bauden [2014]: 166). 36 chapter 1 and memberships. Al-Maqrīzī’s career was very much confronted with those radical changes, which really started to set in just after his first appointment to the position of muḥtasib in 801/1399, when sultan Barqūq died. At that time dynastic arrangements around Barqūq’s royal household proved strong enough to enable his succession by his young son al-Nāṣir Faraǧ.

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