By Professor Sam White
The weather of uprising within the Early sleek Ottoman Empire explores the intense and far-reaching affects of Little Ice Age weather fluctuations in Ottoman lands. This learn demonstrates how imperial platforms of provisioning and payment that outlined Ottoman energy within the 1500s got here unraveled within the face of ecological pressures and severe chilly and drought, resulting in the outbreak of the damaging Celali uprising (1595-1610). This uprising marked a turning aspect in Ottoman fortunes, as a mixture of ongoing Little Ice Age weather occasions, nomad incursions, and rural ailment postponed Ottoman restoration over the subsequent century, with enduring affects at the region's inhabitants, land use, and economic system.
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Extra info for The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (Studies in Environment and History)
Introduction 13 studies have offered fascinating new evidence and insights. However, the research has often been uneven and the authors have proven far too ready to reach hasty and dramatic conclusions. Consequently, climatic explanations have frequently met with skepticism from academic historians, and climate has yet to play to a major role in the mainstream historiography of most regions. In general, climatic interpretations of history have faced two problems. First, many of these explanations have too readily proceeded from a post hoc ergo propter hoc line of reasoning.
Goods had to keep pouring from the peripheries into the core; and settlement had to reach as far as possible for agriculture, extraction, and transportation. Resources had to be harvested, requisitioned, and managed to secure supply. The peasantry had to be taxed, cajoled, coerced, and sometimes moved about for imperial ends, and yet at the same time protected, secured, and held loyal to the imperial dynasty. The geographical diversity of Ottoman domains, the scale of military mobilization, and the imperial preference for the direct provisioning of many resources meant that this imperial ecology 8 9 For the classic account of naval timber provisioning, including a detailed discussion of the varieties of cuts and difficulties of supply, see Robert Albion, Forests and Sea Power (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1926).
Nevertheless, the criticism drives home the point that histories of climatic disaster often fail to consider social or political context or make adequate room for human agency. Given these shortcomings, histories of climate have frequently focused on the dramatic collapse of ancient or early medieval civilizations, typically neglected by other historians. These works tend to recount such episodes as the disappearance of the Anasazi, the decline of the Maya, or the abandonment of Greenland – cases where written evidence is meager or nonexistent and where historians and archaeologists have been forced to draw broad inferences from limited information.