By Caglar Keyder
The interval of Turkish historical past from the basis of the Republic in 1923 to the melancholy in 1929 was once characterized by means of not less than nation intervention within the economic climate. This ebook, which illuminates the ways that the forces of global capitalism acted upon and dependent the peripheral formation of the Turkish economic system during this interval, presents a transparent case examine within the dating of established economies to the capitalist world-system. Professor Keyder emphasises the significance, as mechanisms within the upkeep of current monetary kinfolk, of 2 networks: that of exchange, connecting manufacturers with exterior markets; and that of credits, in which a dependency among overseas providers of cash and native clients used to be confirmed. this crucial contribution to the theoretical research of monetary dependency will curiosity historians, economists and sociologists learning either ancient and modern kinds of fiscal peripheralisation.
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Additional info for The Definition of a Peripheral Economy: Turkey 1923-1929
112 This segment of the peasantry may be identified more closely as the grainproducing small-holders of the interior. Their development into commodity producers was through supplying the food surplus which had been lost due to the replacement of grain production on fertile lands by the production of export crops. As such, they grew staple crops, and especially wheat. It was on this stratum of the middle peasantry that the government based its wheat policy in the 1930s. While the depression had destroyed the export outlets of the commercial farmers, the autarkic policy followed by the government included an extensive support programme for wheat production, which, relatively, had its most important positive impact on the middle peasant who had marginally entered the market in the 1920s.
2) State policies affecting marketability : transportation, road and railway construction, and transport tariffs and subsidies. g. land, machinery, fertilisers. (4) Taxes which directly appropriate a part of the agricultural output, either in levies in kind or money. 1 Labour, machinery, and credits Immediately after the war, the government sought to effect a speedy recovery of pre-war output levels. In addition to the market disturbances caused by the war, the entire economy, and in particular the agricultural sector, had come to suffer from a scarcity of labour.
During this discussion, we have to assess not only the intentions of the state, to be derived from its class representation, but also the objective results of its intentions. The first inquiry concerns the politically specific class configuration in Turkish society, while the second necessitates an investigation of the historical development of the agricultural sector in response to the economic policies of the state. State policies have differential impacts on various segments of the agricultural sector.