Download The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster (2006)(en)(318s) by Werner Troesken PDF

By Werner Troesken

The heritage of a long-running environmental disaster chronicles the damaging results of lead pipes and their persevered use regardless of facts that they pose an important well-being probability.

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Extra resources for The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster (2006)(en)(318s)

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All of the women were eligible for Medicaid; 42 percent were African American; 19 percent were Caucasian; and 38 percent were Hispanic. Blood tests, including measurements of blood-lead levels, were conducted four times over the course of each pregnancy. Blood-lead levels increased for all women during pregnancy, but the increase was much larger in women who developed hypertension or preeclampsia. d. d. 0 5 5 (11)b (24)b 10 21 (32)b (30)b 6 68b No. of obs. d. d. 0 0 3 (6) 14 5 53 (25) 0 18 57 53 19 Source: Dawson, Evans, and Nosovitch (1999).

Some patients are anxious; others lethargic. The second notable feature is the great variety of symptoms, highlighting the fact that lead’s effects are multisystemic. The third feature is the generic quality of many of these symptoms. For example, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and anemia are certainly not unique to victims of lead poisoning. A House for Erasmus 35 It is important to point out that the symptoms of lead poisoning become more distinctive the more severe the exposure level. At high levels of exposure, lead poisoning induces unmistakable symptoms, such as wrist- and foot-drop and a blue gum line.

At thirty-three to thirty-six weeks of gestation, preeclamptic women had lead levels that were 68 percent higher than the levels observed in the control group. At thirty-seven to forty weeks of gestation, preeclamptic women had lead levels that were 57 percent higher. 43 Additional evidence indicating a connection between maternal lead levels and eclampsia can be found in a recent study of 705 pregnant women treated at three clinics in Camden, New Jersey. All of the women were eligible for Medicaid; 42 percent were African American; 19 percent were Caucasian; and 38 percent were Hispanic.

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