By Michael Fishbein
Quantity XXI of the background of al-Tabari (from the second one a part of 66/685 to 73/693) covers the solution of "the moment Civil War." This clash, which has damaged out in 64/683 after the dying of the Umayyad caliph Yazid I, concerned the rival claims of the Umayyads (centered in Syria) and the Zubayrids (centered within the Hijaz), every one of whom claimed the caliphal identify, Commander of the trustworthy. either events contented for regulate of Iraq, which was once additionally the atmosphere for al-Mukhtar's Schi'ite rebellion in al-Kufah in the course of 66/685 and 67/686. Kharijite teams have been lively in south-western Iran and important Arabia, even threatening the seriously settled lands of Iraq. by means of the top of 73/692, the Umayyad regime in Damascus, led through Abd-al-Malik, had extinguished the rival caliphate of Ibn al-Zubayr and had reestablished a unmarried, kind of universally said political authority for the Islamic group.
Al-Tabari's account of those years is drawn from such prior historians as Abu Mikhnaf, al-Mada'ini, and al-Waqidi and comprises eyewitness money owed, quotations from poems, and texts of sermons. amazing episodes contain al-Mukhtar's slaying of these who were desirous about the demise of al-Husayn at Karbala, the demise of al-Mukhtar by the hands of Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr, the insurrection of Amr b. Sa'id in Damascus, the loss of life of Mus'ab on the conflict of Dayr al-Jathaliq, and al-Hajjaj's siege and conquest of Mecca on behalf of Abd-al-Malik. There are excursuses at the chair that al-Mukhtar commemorated as a relic of Ali, the biography of the colourful brigand Ubaydallah b. al-Hurr, and the improvement of the secretarial workplace in Islam.
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The latter had remained in the same place. When they reached him, the enemy had gained the upper hand and were overwhelming him, so they fought as hard as they could . Ibn alAshtar went and encountered Shabath b . Rib`i, who had many men from Mudar with him , among them Hassan b. Fa'id al-Absi. Ibrahim [b . al-Ashtarj said to them, "Woe unto you ! Go back, for I do not want anyone from Mudar to be killed by my hands. " However , they refused and fought with him . Ibn al-Ashtar defeated them. Hassan b .
On his role in the events of 66, see Tabari, II, 614 - 30, esp . 623 (an incident illustrating his prejudice against mawdli) and 630. See also Dinawari , Akhbdr, 223, 243 ; and Tabari, 1, x919 , 3270, 3349, 3380, 3388. ) They gathered and came to his house. After he had led his  companions in prayer, they began to discuss the subject among themselves. [Continuing,] he said: Among al-Mukhtar' s innovations concerning them, none was more grievous than his having appointed a share of the fay' for the mawdli.
Anas had been killed and the men defeated. Then al-Mukhtar's governor of al-Mada'in sent al-Mukhtar one of his spies, a Nabataean from the Saw5d,45 who gave him a report. Al-Mukhtar summoned Ibrahim b. al-Ashtar46 and put 44• The ashraf ( plural of sharif ), literally, "eminent or distinguished men," were the tribal dignitaries. 5. , alluvial soil ) of Iraq. 46. Ibrahim b. al-Ashtar, son of the famous Malik b. al-Harith al - Nakha'i, had become one of al -Mukhtar 's most important military aides earlier in this year and played a leading role in driving Ibn al-Zubayr 's governor, Ibn Muli', out of alKufah .