By al-Ṭabarī; C. E. Bosworth (trans.;ann.)
The two decades' caliphate of al-Ma'mum begun as a stormy interval in heart japanese historical past; after the relatively peaceable reign of his father Harun al-Rashid, the caliphate used to be plunged into violent civil battle in either Iraq and Arabia, related to the sons of al-Rashid, opponents for the perfect authority, and numerous different sectarian rebels and aspirants for strength. but as soon as peace used to be secured and the caliphate lands united once again, al-Ma'mum's reign settled down into some of the most intriguing and leading edge of the mediaeval caliphate. The Caliph himself was once a hugely cultivated guy who possessed a willing highbrow interest and who himself within the functional sciences, astronomy and arithmetic. He additionally inspired the translating of Greek philosophical, medical and clinical works from Greek and Syriac into Arabic and concerned himself in theological controversies during which the dialectical thoughts of the Greek thinkers have been to determine. Tabari's heritage of this era constitutes a major resource for political and armed forces background. His racy and vibrant variety, together with many verbatim conversations and files, brings the Caliphate of al-Ma'mum greatly alive.
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Extra info for The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. 32: The Reunification of the ‘Abbāsid Caliphate: The Caliphate of Al-Ma’mun A.D. 813-833/A.H. 198-218
67. v. (I. S. Tritton(. 68. , the son of the sixth Imam Musa al-Kizim. The Events of the Year 2oo 27 burnt down. " Whenever a member of the Musawwidah70 was brought before him, he used to decree that his punishment was to be burnt alive. Zayd's supporters also plundered wealth and possessions at Basrah. 'Ali b. Abi Said now took Zayd prisoner; it is said that the latter sought a guarantee of safety , and 'Ali granted this to him. From amongst the commanders who were with him, 'Ali b. Said then sent 'Isa b.
Musa and Warga' b. jamil, together with the latter's commanders and 92. Presumably slaves or ex -slaves. This interpretation of the phrase is that of Kennedy, 211, and fits well in the context; he notes the'Alid attempts, here as in Kufah, to enlist support amongst the lowest strata of society, the slaves and laborers. [9921 34 The Caliphate of al-Ma'mun troops, approached and engaged them in combat at Bi'r Maymun, and a considerable number on both sides were killed or wounded. Ishaq and Warga' then returned to their encampment, but returned to the fray a day later and resumed fighting the enemy.
He halted at Mini for the remaining days of the pilgrimage, staying there until the year 199 came to its end (August io, 815). The Talibid Muhammad b. Sulaymin b. Diwud remained at Madinah for the rest of the year also. 55 S 4. A hollow or wadi, according to Azragi, Akhbar Makkah, II, 208, 213. 55. Khalifah, Ta'rikh, II, 761 ; MasThli, Munij, IX, 69 = ed. Pellat , § 3648; Azdi, 335, 338 ; Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil, VI, 306-7; Geddes, 99-roo. J. Wensinck-J. Jomier). The Events of the Year i99 23 Meanwhile, when.