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By Elton L. Daniel

This entire survey of Iran's old improvement covers every thing from its origins in old empires to its prestige as a latest nation-state.

• offers a chronological survey of key occasions in Iranian heritage as much as the current day
• An annotated bibliography surveys old literature on Iran, together with net assets

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Extra resources for The History of Iran (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) (2nd Edition)

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7 Hotel developments on Kish Island, Iran about the Palm Islands in Dubai? The answer is that today we are far more ecologically aware. As a highly saline and contained body of slowly circulating water, which sits in one of the global regions with the highest radiant heat gain, the Persian Gulf is already experiencing a significant loss of biodiversity and micro-organisms in its shallow intertidal zones. Land reclamation only worsens the decline of marine life and the spread of coral erosion. 20 These justifiable concerns about what is happening in the Persian Gulf stem largely from the rapid pace of urban change in Dubai and other cities as a direct consequence of globalisation.

15 Similar results can be found by looking instead at the figures for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, which can be done by taking an average of three differing estimates, also for 2011, by the International Monetary Fund, World Bank and CIA World Factbook. In those terms, Qatar is rated as 4th in the world, UAE is 11th, Kuwait is 12th, Bahrain is 39th, Saudi Arabia is 40th, and Iran is 89th. 16 Hence both forms of statistics give the same ranking of economic performance amongst Persian Gulf countries, as well as drawing a picture of extreme wealth in which Qatar belongs amongst the world’s wealthiest countries like Luxembourg, Norway, Lichtenstein, Switzerland and Monaco, with the UAE and Kuwait close behind.

This is not to forget that there are deep social divisions inside Iran, as well as between Arabic nations despite the frequent expressions of pan-Arab sentiments. As an example of the latter aspiration, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf – usually shortened to the Gulf Cooperation Council – was founded in Abu Dhabi in 1981. It has had variable success since then. Disputes within the Arabic countries are often tribally based, with the presence of extended clans ruled by sheikhs remaining a strong social feature.

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