By Brenda Shaffer
In recent times, analysts of global affairs have instructed that cultural pursuits -- ethnicity, faith, and beliefs -- play a main position in styles of clash and alliances, and that during the longer term the "clash of civilizations" will dominate diplomacy. the bounds of tradition explores the impact of tradition on overseas coverage, concentrating on international locations within the geopolitically very important Caspian quarter and paying specific awareness to these states that experience pointed out themselves as Islamic republics -- Iran, Taliban Afghanistan, and Pakistan.The members to the bounds of tradition locate that, opposite to the at the moment renowned view, tradition is never extra vital than different components in shaping the international regulations of nations within the Caspian quarter. They locate that ruling regimes don't unavoidably act in accordance with their very own rhetoric. Iran, for instance, can behavior regulations that contradict the professional nation ideology with no ache family retribution. additionally, nations often align with each other once they don't proportion spiritual ideals or cultural background. for instance, Christian Armenia cooperates on exchange and safeguard with non-Christian Iran. Cultural identities, the members locate, are versatile adequate to allow states to pursue a variety of regulations which are in keeping with their fabric pursuits. because the essays within the Limits of tradition clarify, the rising overseas rules of the Caspian states current an important problem to the culturalist argument.
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Extra info for The Limits of Culture: Islam and Foreign Policy (Belfer Center Studies in International Security)
See Woodrow Wilson, “A League for Peace,” in David L. : D. Van Nostrand, 1966), pp. 181– 188. 53. See Salmon Levinson, Outlawry of War (Chicago: American Committee for the Outlawry of War, 1921). 54. United Nations, General Assembly, Resolution 217, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, December 10, 1948, A (iii), Art. 2. 55. See Michael W.
More important, human beings have an inherent need to afªrm the assumptions, norms, and values that form the horizon of their own group as naturally good, and, consequently, suffer from the tendency to perceive the verities of other peoples as contrary to nature, truth, and morality. 13 Indeed, he thinks that “prejudice is good—in its time, for it causes happiness. It forces peoples to rest in their center, attaches them more ªrmly to their stems, to ºourish in their own way, makes them more ardent and thus also more happy in their inclinations and 8.
Consequently, domestic Islamic constituencies often impact Musharraf’s policy choices to support Islamic causes. In addition, the regime restrains itself from severely limiting the Islamic inºuences in state policies in order to keep the domestic Islamic elements engaged positively with the regime. The concluding chapter of this volume focuses on the level of signiªcance of material costs to the pursuit of cultural interests and spheres for future research. This chapter claims that while the contributing authors of this volume presented different approaches to the question of the impact of culture on foreign policy, most stated that when cultural interests conºicted with material interests, cultural rarely trumped material.