By J. Edgardo Campos, Sanjay Pradhan
Corruption... How can policymakers and practitioners higher understand the numerous kinds and shapes that this social pandemic takes? From the supply of crucial medications, the relief in instructor absenteeism, the containment of unlawful logging, the development of roads, the availability of water and electrical energy, the overseas alternate in oil and fuel, the behavior of public budgeting and procurement, and the administration of public sales, corruption indicates its many faces. the various Faces of Corruption makes an attempt to convey better readability to the usually murky manifestations of this virulent and debilitating social affliction. It explores using prototype highway maps to spot corruption vulnerabilities, indicates corresponding "warning signals," and proposes operationally priceless remedial measures in each one of numerous chosen sectors and for a particular pattern of move slicing public area features which are fairly at risk of corruption and which are serious to region functionality. a number of technical specialists have come jointly during this attempt to improve an operationally worthwhile method of diagnosing and tackling corruption. the various Faces of Corruption is a useful reference for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers engaged within the company of improvement.
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Extra info for The Many Faces of Corruption: Tracking Vulnerabilities at the Sector Level
In some cases, doing nothing may be the best option. Capacity Matters Perhaps one of the least appreciated constraints to the sustainability of governance reforms is the problem of capacity. Capacity refers to the capability (in terms of human and ﬁnancial resources) to deliver on an envisioned task, at the agency or governmentwide level. Historical experience with governance reforms is replete with stories of best practice from the developed world being parachuted into a poor 15 (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank The Many Faces of Corruption developing country and failing miserably.
While the chain itself is more or less the same across countries, the relative risks and magnitudes of corruption along each link in the chain are likely to differ from country to country. The best example in this volume comes from the electricity sector, which is broadly characterized by a three-link chain: generation, transmission, and distribution. In most countries, it is presumed that the major problems of corruption arise in power generation or transmission, primarily through the award of multimillion-dollar contracts for the purchase or construction of plants and equipment.
Several chapters allude to the utility of producing key information that could be used to generate public demand for better services. In the electricity sector, for example, information on technical and nontechnical losses during the distribution and billing phases can help mobilize public and leadership support for reforms. Information on how much of a budget dollar actually reaches ultimate beneﬁciaries can generate a powerful reform momentum in the social sectors. A results-based framework typically incorporates this type of information and as such can be the foundation for strengthening accountability in the public sector.