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By T. Petersen

Anglo-American competition in Egypt, Iran and the Persian Gulf within the interval 1952 to 1957 represented the move of energy within the center East from nice Britain to the U.S.. As Britain's effect in Egypt and Iran declined, its choice to carry directly to the Persian Gulf elevated, at one aspect threatening to kill any american citizens present in the hotly contested Buraimi oasis. The episode is little tested by way of historians yet performed a wide function within the resulting Suez trouble.

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Additional info for The Middle East between the Great Powers: Anglo-American Conflict and Cooperation, 1952–7

Sample text

Britain’s chief concern was not Buraimi itself, but the fear that the loss of it might endanger the entire British position in the Middle East. In addition, with AIOC’s monopoly broken, not being able to hold on to Buraimi could well mean the end of British energy independence in the future. Britain controlled a string of small principalities on the eastern side of the Arabian Peninsula, from Kuwait in the north to Aden in the southwest – Kuwait alone could produce enough oil to supply Western Europe for years to come.

ARAMCO’s concession covered all of Saudi Arabia and was the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East, thus adding to the company’s importance in the eyes of the State Department, which saw little or no conflict of interest between the company and its own policies towards Saudi Arabia. Eisenhower continued the same policy towards ARAMCO. 3 The Saudi Arabian occupation of Buraimi was rooted in traditional Saudi expansionism. The goal of the Saudi Royal House was to dominate the entire Arab Peninsula.

Eden had no objections to aid for Iran, but protested vigorously when he learned that the United States also wanted to send technicians to the Abadan refinery to keep it in working order. 7 Eisenhower and Dulles only reluctantly agreed with Eden, and still differed with him over Mossadeqh. Eden had suggested that they search for alternatives to the latter, rather than attempting to buy him off. Although there was a general Anglo-American agreement on Iran, Eden was not entirely pleased with the discussions.

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