Download The Mind at Night: The New Science of How and Why We Dream by Andrea Rock PDF

By Andrea Rock

Psychologists and philosophers have lengthy grappled with the mysteries of dreaming, and now-thanks mostly to fresh ideas in mind imaging -neuroscientists are beginning to subscribe to the dialog. during this groundbreaking ebook, award-winning journalist Andrea Rock lines the short yet attention-grabbing heritage of this rising box. She then takes us into sleek sleep labs around the kingdom, asking the questions that intrigue us all: Why can we consider just a fraction of our goals? Why are desires frequently followed by means of severe feelings? Can goals really spark inventive concept or support clear up difficulties? Are the common dream interpretations of Freud and Jung legitimate? available and fascinating, The brain at evening shines a shiny gentle on our nocturnal trips and tells us what the slumbering brain finds approximately our waking hours.

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Neurochem. Int. 43:355–361. Hertz L. and Zielke H. R. (2004). Astrocytic control of glutamatergic activity: astrocytes as stars of the show. Trends Neurosci. 27:735–743. , and Robinson S. R. (1999). Astrocytes: glutamate producers for neurons. J. Neurosci. Res. 57:417–428. Hoffman M. M. and Garber S. S. (2004). Volume-dependent glutamate permeation depends on transmembrane ionic strength and extracellular Cl− . J. Membr. Biol. 197:193–202. Jalil M. , Li M. , and Saheki T. (2005). Reduced N-acetylaspartate levels in mice lacking aralar, a brain- and muscle-type mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier.

Their action can be excitatory, increasing conductance, causing more glutamate to be released from the presynaptic cell, but they also increase inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (Chu and Hablitz, 2000). They can also inhibit glutamate release and can modulate voltage dependent Ca2+ channels (Endoh, 2004). Group II comprises mGluR2 and mGluR3, and Group III comprises mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7 and mGluR8. , 2005). They are found on both preand postsynaptic membranes. These receptors are involved in presynaptic inhibition (Endoh, 2004), and do not appear to affect the postsynaptic membrane potential by themselves.

And Cotman C. W. (1989). The excitatory amino acid receptors: Their classes, pharmacology, and distinct properties in the function of the central nervous system. Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 29:365–402. Murphy S. N. and Miller R. J. (1988). A glutamate receptor regulates Ca2 + mobilization in hippocampal neurons. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:8737–8741. Olney J. W. (1989). Excitotoxicity and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Drug Dev. Res. 17: 299–319. Olverman H. , Monaghan D. , Cotman C. , and Watkins J.

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