By Christopher Alexander
In Book One of this four-volume paintings, Alexander describes a systematic view of the realm during which all space-matter has perceptible levels of lifestyles, and establishes this knowing of residing buildings as an highbrow foundation for a brand new architecture.
He identifies fifteen geometric houses which are inclined to accompany the presence of lifestyles in nature, and in addition within the structures and towns we make. those homes are noticeable many times in nature and within the towns and streets of the past, but they have nearly disappeared in the impersonal advancements and structures of the final hundred years.
This booklet exhibits that dwelling buildings depend upon positive factors which make an in depth reference to the human self, and that purely dwelling constitution has the skill to aid human overall healthiness.
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Additional info for The nature of order : an essay on the art of building and the nature of the universe
CHAPTER ONE BELONGING AND NOT-BELONGING The single photograph on the next two pages describes, vividly, the loss ofbelonging which has become commonplace in our era. It is a picture ofpeople in Prague, November z989, receiving the news that the Berlin Wall had come down. The hauntedfaces ofthe 2oth century. " Is there a glimmer of hope in their mysterious faces? Or are they simply fearful because they now face the prospect ofa money-centered world? I believe it made little dijfirence to them. Belonging, as I have described it, was not available to them in either case.
E.. ~ his tliJ>l' in the puhlic /iring mom. the mud floor r~f rile· ('tlll/flOIIIUI. \I'D ~ 0 T- BE I. :(' was a compound surrounded by mud huts. Ar night all the men pulled the cots our that were leaning up against the verandas of rhc houses, and we lined rhem up in a long row down the middle of the compound and rhen lay there smoking as the dusk came dovvn~ ralked for a couple hours into the dark, and then \Vent ro sleep ... got up in the morning and brushed our teeth ... and out we wenr. That sense, in which the public space \Vas actually the living room of society, was true in Italy, was true in China, was true in Africa.
The solution of the problem, requires that we learn to distinguish two morphological classes, Class 1 and Class 2, that are defined on the opposite page. These have not previously been clearly distinguished. For it is not style that makes a building living or dead, but the freshness of its response to its surroundings; the truthful and spontaneous unfolding of order within its own fabric. The freshness I refer to may be partly understood by reference to a martial arts discipline which lies far from the discipline of architecture.