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By Gökhan Çetinsaya

It is a learn of the character of Ottoman management less than Sultan Abdulhamid and the results of this at the 3 provinces that have been to shape the fashionable kingdom of Iraq. the writer offers a basic statement at the past due Ottoman provincial management and a accomplished photo of the character of its interplay with provincial society. In drawing on resources of the Ottoman information, bringing jointly and interpreting an abundance of complicated files, this e-book is an interesting contribution to the sector of heart japanese reviews.

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Extra info for The Ottoman Administration of Iraq, 1890-1908

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Great Britain was represented at Baghdad by a consul-general (also called British Resident) who belonged to the Indian Political Service. As of 1893, there were two consular agents under him, one at Mosul, where the post was held by a local Christian, and one at Karbala, where the post was held by a British Indian. The latter post was raised to a vice-consulate in 1903, and the former in 1908. 117 The French were represented at Baghdad by a vice-consul until 1906, and then a consul. They had two main fields of interest in Iraq: archaeological research and missionary work.

In his brief report, dated July 15, 1879, Namık Pava first gave a historical summary and then described the current political problems in the region: economic poverty, insufficient agriculture and trade, an important Shi’i presence, and a potential Iranian military threat. 17 Meanwhile, the Minister of Public Works, Hasan Fehmi Pava, was conducting an extensive investigation into possible projects for road and railway construction, harbor improvements, and irrigation and drainage schemes throughout Ottoman Asia.

It emphasized that 6th Army needed a capable and active commander, and proposed to appoint Recep Pava to the post. Once 6th Army and the gendarmerie had been reorganized, the civil authorities and the Commander of 6th Army should work together to implement a general reform policy. One of the members of the Military Inspection Commission added to the report that although it made no difference from political point of view whether there were 1 or 2 more battalions in some vilayets such as Rumelia, it was very important to have a few more battalions in regions such as Iraq and the Yemen in view of the present and future political situation.

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