By Miguel A. Centeno, Patricio Silva
The ascendancy of technocratic team of workers and their imposition of neo-liberal financial regulations have come to outline Latin American politics within the Eighties and Nineties. This ebook is the 1st comparative research of those occasions and their implications for the way forward for democracy at the continent. person chapters speak about the increase to strength of those technocrats in Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Peru in addition to the old antecedents of specialist rule within the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Expertise in Latin America
These determined the space for maneuvering for governments and elites and their potential for negotiating with foreign companies and technical experts. The essential difference was the extent to which governments could direct and control the development in their countries (Marichal, 1989). This determined governments' relationships with the groups executing the plans deemed necessary for the modernizing projects. The latter may be divided in two groups: (1) private capital and (2) technocrats who were hired directly by the state.
Neoliberal economists often acted as the technocratic think tanks of the various dictatorships, among which the Pinochet-regime is the best known. This support of authoritarian regimes has given the economic technocrats a bad name in left-wing Latin American social science analysis. It is important to stress that similar opinions have been voiced by conservative critics of technocrats who supported "revolutionary" governments such as the Cuban after 1959 and the Nicaraguan after I 976. I hope to have made clear that technocratic thinking is not exclusive to one specific political ideology.
They therefore turned again to technical men, who were expected to implement their ideas in the concrete reality of daily life. Although engineers continued to be highly valued, the new ideas required different technological expertise. Besides economists and financial experts, Latin American governments increasingly relied on social scientists, educational experts, physicians and agronomists in this period. Their real impact can only be assessed at the local level where these experts were doing their work.