By O. Seliktar
Coming on the heels of September eleven, Operation Iraqi Freedom has targeted the limelight at the approach during which the U.S. predicts and manages political swap. The failure to discover WMD and extra vital, the ongoing violence in Iraq rather than the was hoping for democracy, has engender an acrimonious debate at the explanations of the Bush management and its makes use of or misuses of intelligence. The query of who obtained what wrong or right has been fought out alongside ideological, and partisan strains, with supporters claiming that, given what used to be identified approximately Saddam Hussein, the choice to alter his regime was once justified and detractors arguing team of mostly Jewish neoconservatives, performing on behalf of Israel, manipulated intelligence to be able to trick the U.S. into an pointless and dear war. The ebook offers a scientific and aim research of the issues that faced American intelligence in decoding the habit of the highly secretive and complicated Iraq regime and its enigmatic leader.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Intelligence and American Wars with Iraq (The Middle East in Focus)
The notion that the United States should take on authoritarian regimes was particularly popular in the neoconservative intellectuals circle that had pushed for a confrontation with the Soviet Union during the Reagan presidency. MESA academics acknowledged as much. ” However, in the author’s view, MESA academics were pursuing “objective truth” and “American national interests” whereas their rivals, labeled “policy entrepreneurs,” represented “special interests” of “unconditional support for Israel and American military hegemony” (Khan 1997).
They pleaded for a “more sophisticated” and less ethnocentric understanding of Islamic politics. The notion that democracy should not be “boxed” into the narrow confines of a Western parliamentary system was not new. During the cold war, the dominant revisionist school of Sovietology found many “democratic equivalents” in the Soviet system of governance. It was now the turn of Middle East experts to urge Americans to “transcend their narrow, ethnocentric conceptualization of democracy” to envisage an “Islamic democracy that may create effective systems of popular participation, though unlike the Westminster model or the American system” (Voll and Esposito 1994, 11).
Diverting responsibility” from dictators such as Saddam Hussein onto the IsraelPalestinian conflict. The new claim that the way to democracy and peace in the Middle East “passes through Baghdad” was making some impact on the foreign policy discourse in Washington. The notion that the United States should take on authoritarian regimes was particularly popular in the neoconservative intellectuals circle that had pushed for a confrontation with the Soviet Union during the Reagan presidency. MESA academics acknowledged as much.