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By Derek J. Oddy

20th century Europe went via a dramatic transition from low source of revenue populations experiencing starvation and nutritionally insufficient diets, to the hot period of over-consumption and starting to be numbers of obese and overweight humans. via interpreting the traits in nutrition background from case reports throughout Europe, this publication bargains a historic context to give an explanation for how and why this transition has happened and what we will be able to research that allows you to try to handle the extremely important matters coming up from weight problems in modern Europe.

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It is indicative of general trends as well as deviations from those trends and, for that reason, it is certainly an interesting case for European food history, inviting further research. References Bandhauer-Schöffmann, Irene and Hornung, Ela, ‘Von der Erbsenwurst zum Hawaischnitzel. , Gehler, M. and Steininger, R. (eds), Österreich in den Fünfzigern, Innsbruck, 1995, 11−34. Eisterer, K. ‘Hunger und Ernährungsprobleme in Tirol aus der Sicht der französischen Besatzungsmacht’ [Hunger and Nutrition Problems in the Tyrol from the Perspective of the French Occupying Power], in Pelinka, A.

34 See Pfister 1995. 3 Average Tyrolean Consumption of Selected Goods 1948–70 (kg/head/month) Source: Nussbaumer, 1992, 182; Tyrolean Workers’ Organization. The Growth of Food Surpluses In close connection with these trends, food ‘autarky’ collapsed completely in the Tyrol. Production shifted from subsistence needs towards specialization. In the 1980s the region was self-sufficient only in certain cattle products, notably milk and veal, but dependent on imports particularly of grain, vegetable oil, vegetables and fruit.

During World War I, this trade came to a halt.  Local production suffered as well when horses and oxen were confiscated and conscription reduced the workforce, so that some fields and meadows could no longer be maintained. 13 (−35 per cent), and with the hay harvest halved within two years, livestock numbers decreased by one-third. Already by 1916 soldiers began to beg civilians for food and in the winter of 1917–18 supplies collapsed, particularly in the Southern part of the country. 12 This disorderly mass retreat resulted in the final collapse of supplies,  Rettenwander 1997: 209.

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