Download The role of social capital in development : an empirical by Christiaan Grootaert, Thierry van Bastelaer, Robert Puttnam PDF

By Christiaan Grootaert, Thierry van Bastelaer, Robert Puttnam

Formerly the function of social capital - outlined because the associations and networks of relationships among humans, and the linked norms and values - in courses of poverty relief and improvement has risen to substantial prominence. even if improvement practitioners have lengthy suspected that social capital does impact the potency and caliber of so much improvement techniques, this publication offers the rigorous empirical effects had to make certain that effect and translate it into powerful and knowledgeable policymaking. it really is in keeping with a wide quantity of accrued facts, depending both on quantitative and qualitative examine methodologies to set up methods for measuring social capital and its impression. The ebook records the pervasive position of social capital in accelerating poverty relief and rural improvement, facilitating the availability of products and providers, and easing political transition and restoration from civil conflicts.

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We might argue that the amateur singing is unrecorded national income, but such singing does not differ from individuals singing in the shower. Putnam is obviously not arguing for the intrinsic merit of singing but rather for the economic benefits of social interaction. Second, suppose that social capital covered any social interaction that had economic externalities. The choir is so noisy that people cannot sleep. This does not make the choir (harmful) social capital. However, social capital cannot be defined so widely as to ignore social interaction.

It is evident that defining social capital simply in terms of externalities does not generate a concept that is useful in the context of the present literature. Barbed wire is not what people mean by social capital. Moreover, underprovision is intrinsic to the concept of social capital. These examples suggest that we cannot relax the requirement that social capital involve some externality of social interaction. However, social capital need not be confined to social interactions that have unintended economic effects.

In contrast, many associations with professional or developmental objectives, such as rice banks, funeral associations, and water users’ groups, withered during wartime but began to increase in number and intensity as the conflict receded. Analysis of the genocide in Rwanda shows the ambiguous effects that bonding social capital can have in situations of extreme social stress. On the one hand, bonding social capital within families proved critical for survival and led to courageous attempts to save lives or rescue persecuted people.

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