By René Dirven †, Louis Goossens, Yvan Putseys, Emma Vorlat
The 4 papers awarded during this quantity are corpus-based investigations into the which means of the verbs speak, talk, say and tell. extra in particular they need to discover how the scene of linguistic motion has been placed into standpoint through those 4 high-frequency verbs.
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Extra info for The Scene of Linguistic Action and its Perspectivization by SPEAK, TALK, SAY and TELL
How about me talking and you getting the answers from what I say? 70) b. You can't talk to him without him quarrelling with everything you say. 148) In (3a) the phrase getting the answers implies a series of single answers con tained in the progression of what the sender is saying. In (3b) the reference to a series of single bits of utterances is even explicitly expressed by means of the phrase with everything you say. 40 SPEAK, TALK, SAY AND TELL But it is not necessary that talk and say should denote the same amount of linguistic action: talk may very well denote a fairly large amount of verbal out put, whereas say is only used to pick out one particular bit of utterance: (4) a.
133) b. M. would hold that when we speak of, say, 'telling the truth' as 'being good', and, er... 10) (iii) giving a name: (58) We've got no life to speak of. 25) (iv) picking up a word, used by one speaker, and 'translating' it into a synonym. (59) a. Sp. A: Sp. B. b. Sp. A: Sp. B: Sp. A: Sp. B: What are his conditions? Why do you so quickly speak of conditions? 5) It holds no fear when it goes by the name of sleep. What holds fear is dying. Why do you speak of death? 25) Do I get my pension?
But it must be emphasized that the phrase we talk does not automatically denote interactive linguistic action, but may just denote one-directional communication. g. shown in example (30b) above. The interaction meaning of talk is first of all possible by first using it in a zero context and then in the first person plural form — or vice versa: (31) a. A: Stay and talk for a while. B: What have we got to talk about now. 32) b. All he did was talk to me. We talked and talked. 51) The example in (31a) reveals that talk in the first sentence is not just taken in its communicative sense (talk to me), but rather in its interactive sense (talk to each other) ; the second example makes this interpretation fully obvious: here talk to me really means 'talk together'.