By Panagiotis Dimitrakis
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, and the next battle with the indigenous Afghan Mujahedeen, was once one of many bloodiest conflicts of the chilly battle. Key info of the situations surrounding the invasion and its final end merely months earlier than the autumn of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 have lengthy remained doubtful; the total episode is a shadowy narrative of clandestine correspondence, covert operations and failed intelligence. employing lately declassified files, the key warfare in Afghanistan brings to mild the complete position of the CIA in arming and coaching the Afghan opponents. right here, Panagiotis Dimitrakis analyses each point of this important turning element in chilly battle heritage; from President Jimmy Carter's 'Afghan Trap' to Margaret Thatcher's function within the hindrance. Dimitrakis additionally outlines the entire volume of China's involvement in arming the Mujahedeen, successfully battling Brezhnev's Soviet Union by way of proxy. this can be crucial studying for students and scholars of the chilly struggle, American background and the trendy heart East.
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Additional info for The Secret War in Afghanistan: The Soviet Union, China and Anglo-American Intelligence in the Afghan War
42 The KGB’s view was that Dubs had been an expert on Middle Eastern and Central Asian affairs, whose appointment revealed Washington’s intention of becoming further involved in Afghanistan. The Soviets assumed that ‘Dubs was one of the people behind the idea of the Afghanistan–Pakistan–Iran triangle’ to contain Soviet influence in the region. 43 Meanwhile, Amin was extending his personal reach in the military (where loyalty to Taraki was diminishing) and the secret services, while secularisation and land reforms caused an escalation of the Islamist insurgency.
When Taraki was overthrown by his party rival Hafizullah Amin on 14 September 1979, Moscow did not react to the coup but gave sanctuary to three high-ranking officers and party members; one of those was Babrak Karmal, a party member and an opponent of Amin. Amin unleashed an unexpected wave of violence against any party member who might stand against him, and soon demanded the recall of Russian Ambassador Puzanov for supporting opponents of the regime. On 6 October 1979, at a conference of communist countries, Shah Wali, Amin’s chief deputy, accused the ambassador of being implicated in a failed assassination attempt against Amin.
Afghan tanks have passed behind the [UK] Embassy moving in the direction of Darulaman. 57 Since 1600 GMT there has only been isolated small arms fire in the distance. 59 Carter and Thatcher discussed the situation by telephone, the president condemning the intervention as similar to the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. The turning of Afghanistan into a puppet state entailed serious strategic consequences for the region, and it was up to the free world to make the Soviets understand how costly their decision would prove to be.