Download The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches by Jaine Strauss, George R. Goethals PDF

By Jaine Strauss, George R. Goethals

A actually extraordinary explosion of curiosity within the self has taken position some time past twenty years, in psychology and comparable disciplines. This e-book provides a variety of fresh paintings at the self, from self-awareness in chimpanzees to multiple-personality problems, vainness in youth, in addition to primary matters going again to the paintings of James, Cooley and others. 3 major teams or clusters of issues emerge. the 1st cluster includes chapters that debate the association and coherence of the self; the second offers with self-awareness and self-deception; and the 3rd one examines, in new methods, the query of the connection among self and different. whereas it really is tricky to foretell precisely the place destiny paintings at the self will lead students, this paintings issues in a few major instructions and gives an organization reference within the field.

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Markus and Wurf (1987) have called the assortment of self-regulatory schemas the self-system. Whenever a task, an event, or a situation implicates this system, the ensuing processes and consequences are likely to be influenced by the nature of this self-system. We suggest here that the form of many cognitive, emotional, and motivational processes and their outcomes will depend crucially on whether these processes are rooted in an independent construal of the self or whether they are based on an interdependent construal of the self.

Copyright © 1991 by American Psychological Association. Adapted by permission. FIGURE the unit of representation. One learns about the self with respect to a specific other in a particular context and, conversely, about the other with respect to the self in a particular context. As a result of this divergence in self-representations between those with an independent view of the self and those with an interdependent view of the self, the most habitual and subjectively authentic mode of social thinking that involves the self may vary considerably.

3B. This indicates that the Japanese respondents were quite sensitive to the nature of interpersonal relations and, thus, spontaneously discerned the nature of relations commonly associated not only with the indigenous emotions but also with the universal ones. We next asked whether comparable findings could be observed for American respondents, who supposedly have predominantly independent selves. We thus taught American undergraduates the meaning of each of the Japanese indigenous emotions. The American respondents had no difficulty in comprehending the meaning of the indigenous emotions and also in describing some personal experience that corresponded to each of them.

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