By William Lane Craig (auth.)
he current booklet and its spouse quantity The Tenseless idea of Time: a T severe exam are an try and adjudicate what one fresh discussant has known as "the so much primary query within the philosophy of time," specifically, "whether a static or a dynamic belief of the realm is right. "! I had initially meant to regard this question within the house of a unmarried quantity; however the examine swelled into . i discovered that an sufficient appraisal of those of time calls for a wide-ranging dialogue of concerns in competing theories metaphysics, philosophy of language, phenomenology, philosophy of technology, philosophy of area and time, or even philosophy of faith, and that this easily couldn't be performed in a single quantity. If those volumes reach creating a contribution to the controversy, will probably be accurately as a result synoptic nature of the dialogue therein. Too frequently the query of the character of time has been upfront replied by way of a few thinker or physicist just because he's principally blind to correct discussions outdoors his selected box of craftsmanship. In those complementary yet self sustaining volumes i've got tried to appraise what I take to be an important arguments drawn from a number of fields for and opposed to every one thought of time.
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Extra info for The Tensed Theory of Time: A Critical Examination
P. 56. ,,38 Since the senses of these two sentences differ, so do the propositions, or thoughts, they express. Frege points out that if we replace a word in a sentence with another word having the same referent, this has no effect upon the truth value of the sentence. ,,39 Here the difference wrought by the distinct senses is manifest, not in one sentence's being synthetic and a priori in contrast to the other, but in the fact that a rational person might accept one while rejecting the other.
Cf. Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy (London: Oxford University Press, 1912), pp. 32, 102, where the B-determinations of events are said to be known by acquaintance, in contrast to the private time of temporal passage. Actually Russell here conflates the metric of time with the passage of time. See also idem, "Experience of Time," pp. 212-233, for the bifurcation of "mental time," which arises through relations of subject and object and gives rise to notions of past, present, and future, and "physical time," which arises through relations of object and object and involves the notions of simultaneity and succession.
In Frege's theory, then, the propositional content of a sentence, the meaning of that sentence, and the cognitive significance of that sentence are all in line with one another. A difference in cognitive significance between two sentences in the same context will correspond to a difference in meaning between the sentences and to the propositions expressed by the sentences. Turning to questions of tense, Frege emphasizes the disparity that often exists between sentential content and propositional content.