By Jonathan J. Dutton, Barrett Haik
This reference information the anatomy and body structure of the thyroid gland, the environmental and genetic components linked to Graves' ailment, and the immunological mechanisms accountable for similar systemic problems and inflammations of the attention and adjoining tissue constructions. Written via greater than 60 esteemed foreign experts, Thyroid Eye illness is an invaluable resource for ophthalmologists, endocrinologists, internists, pathologists, immunologists, beauty surgeons, biomedical researchers, otolaryngologists, biochemists, and graduate and clinical college scholars in those disciplines.
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Additional info for Thyroid Eye Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment
Kita M, Ahmad L, Marians RC, Vlase H, Unger P, Graves PN, Davies TF. Regulation and transfer of a murine model of thyrotropin receptor antibody mediated Graves’ disease. Endocrinology 1999; 140:1392–1398. Costagliola S, Many MC, Dehef JF, Pohlenz J, Refetoff S, Vassart G. Genetic immunization of outbred mice with thyrotropin receptor cDNA provides a model of Graves’ disease. J Clin Invest 2000; 105:803–811. Many MC, Costagliola S, Detrait M, Denef JF, Vassart G, Ludgate M. Development of an animal model of autoimmune thyroid eye disease.
The TSH molecule is sandwiched between the two antibodies. 01 mU/L (13). 01 mU/L) due to hyperthyroidism and is termed ultrasensitive TSH assay. A variety of third-generation TSH assays are now commercially available (14). Other third-generation TSH assay techniques include two-site chemiluminescent immunoassays and time-resolved immunoﬂuorometric assays (TR-IFMA) (15,16). 01 mU/L for third-generation TSH assays (Table 3). 1 mU/L. Despite these signiﬁcant improvements in TSH measurements, there are several situations in which TSH does not reﬂect the patient’s thyroid status.
Degradation of the N-terminus of the B subunit then reaccelerates to the vicinity of the plasma membrane. Continued degradation would lead to A subunit shedding (see below). In either case, 50 aa insertion can be removed from the subunit structure. The cleavage does not involve a speciﬁc amino acid motif and appears to be inﬂuenced by tertiary structure near the cleavage sites (for example, 50 aa insertion for upstream site 1) (17). The enzyme involved in and functional signiﬁcance of the cleavage remains to be determined.